Bolzano, Bernhard

▪ Bohemian mathematician and theologian
born , Oct. 5, 1781, Prague, Bohemia, Austrian Habsburg domain [now in Czech Republic]
died Dec. 18, 1848, Prague

      Bohemian mathematician and theologian who provided a more detailed proof for the binomial theorem in 1816 and suggested the means of distinguishing between finite and infinite classes.

      Bolzano graduated from the University of Prague as an ordained priest in 1805 and was immediately appointed professor of philosophy and religion at the university. Within a matter of years, however, Bolzano alienated many faculty and church leaders with his teachings of the social waste of militarism and the needlessness of war. He urged a total reform of the educational, social, and economic systems that would direct the nation's interests toward peace rather than toward armed conflict between nations. Upon his refusal to recant his beliefs, Bolzano was dismissed from the university in 1819 and at that point devoted his energies to his writings on social, religious, philosophical, and mathematical matters.

      Bolzano held advanced views on logic, mathematical variables, limits, and continuity. In his studies of the physical aspects of force, space, and time he proposed theories counter to those suggested by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Much of his work remained unpublished during his lifetime and did not have wide impact until the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when a number of his conclusions were arrived at independently.

      Bolzano's published works include Der binomische Lehrsatz (1816; “The Binomial Theorem”), Rein analytischer Beweis (1817; “Pure Analytic Proof”), Functionenlehre (1834; “Functions Model”), Wissenschaftslehre, 4 vol. (1834; “Scientific Model”), Versuch einer neuen Darstellung der Logik, 4 vol. (1837; “An Attempt at a New Presentation of Logic”), and Paradoxien des Unendlichen (1851; “Paradoxes of Infinity”).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bolzāno, Bernhard — Bolzāno, Bernhard, kath. Theolog, Philosoph und Mathematiker, geb. 5. Okt. 1781 in Prag aus einer ursprünglich italienischen Familie, gest. 18. Dez. 1848, zeichnete sich schon als Student durch Aufstellung einer der später von Legendre gegebenen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano, Bernhard — • Austrian mathematician and philosopher, b. at Prague, 5 October, 1781; d. 18 December, 1848 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bolzano, Bernhard — ► (1781 1848) Sacerdote, lógico y matemático checo. Sus trabajos tuvieron gran influencia en Husserl. Obra principal: Teoría de la ciencia (1837) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernhard Bolzano —     Bernhard Bolzano     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Bernhard Bolzano     Austrian mathematician and philosopher, b. at Prague, 5 October, 1781; d. 18 December, 1848. As a student he devoted himself chiefly to mathematics with marked success.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bolzāno [2] — Bolzāno, Bernhard, geb. 1781 in Prag; wurde 1803 Priester u. Lehrer der Religionswissenschaft bei der Universität daselbst, aber 1820 wegen theologischer Streitfragen suspendirt u. ihm aufgegeben, religiöse Irrthümer, deren man ihn beschuldigte,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bolzano [1] — Bolzano, Bernhard, geb. 1781 zu Prag. seit 1805 Priester, erhielt die Kanzel der Religionsphilosophie an der Universität Prag, wurde dieses Postens jedoch 1820 enthoben, privatisirte seitdem und st. 1848 in Prag. Er schrieb außer mathematischen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bolzano — (Bernhard) (1781 1848) logicien et mathématicien tchèque d origine italienne …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bolzano — I Bolzano,   italienischer Name von Bozen.   II Bolzano,   Bernhard oder Bernard, Religionswissenschaftler, Philosoph und Mathematiker, * Prag 5. 10. 1781, ✝ ebenda 18. 12. 1848; wurde 1805 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bolzano — ● Bernard Bolzano: Matemático checo. ● Bozen Bolzano: Ciudad y provincia italiana. * * * Bolzano, Bernhard Bolzano, teorema de ► Prov. del NE de Italia, en el Trentino Alto Adigio, junto a Austria y Suiza; 7 400 km2 y 439 358 h. Cap., la c.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernhard Bolzano — Bernard Bolzano Bernardus Placidus Johann Nepomuk Bolzano (* 5. Oktober 1781 in Prag; † 18. Dezember 1848 in Prag) war Philosoph, Theologe und Mathematiker. Der Satz von Bolzano Weierstraß ist nach ihm benannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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