Blavatsky, Helena

▪ Russian spiritualist
née  Helena Petrovna Hahn  
born Aug. 12 [July 31, Old Style], 1831, Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine]
died May 8, 1891, London, Eng.
 Russian spiritualist, author, and cofounder of the Theosophical Society to promote theosophy, a pantheistic philosophical-religious system.

      At the age of 17, Helena Hahn married Nikifor V. Blavatsky, a Russian military officer and provincial vice-governor, but they separated after a few months. She became interested in occultism and spiritualism and for many years traveled extensively throughout Asia, Europe, and the United States; she also claimed to have spent several years in India and Tibet studying under Hindu gurus. In 1873 she went to New York City, where she met and became a close companion of Henry Steel Olcott (Olcott, Henry Steel), and in 1875 they and several other prominent persons founded the Theosophical Society.

      In 1877 her first major work, Isis Unveiled, was published. In this book she criticized the science and religion of her day and asserted that mystical experience and doctrine were the means to attain true spiritual insight and authority. Although Isis Unveiled attracted attention, the society dwindled. In 1879 Blavatsky and Olcott went to India; three years later they established the Theosophical Society headquarters at Adyar, near Madras, and began publication of the society's journal, The Theosophist, which Blavatsky edited from 1879 to 1888. The society soon developed a strong following in India.

      Asserting that she possessed extraordinary psychic powers, Blavatsky, during journeys to Paris and London, was accused by the Indian press late in 1884 of concocting fictitious spiritualist phenomena. After protesting her innocence while on a tour of Germany, she returned to India in 1884 and met with an enthusiastic reception. The “Hodgson Report,” the findings of an investigation in 1885 by the London Society for Psychical Research, declared her a fraud. Soon thereafter she left India in failing health. She lived quietly in Germany, Belgium, and finally in London, working on her small, meditative classic The Voice of Silence (1889) and her most important work, The Secret Doctrine (1888), which was an overview of theosophical teachings. It was followed in 1889 by her Key to Theosophy. Her Collected Writings were published in 16 volumes (1950–91).

Additional Reading
Biographies include Howard Murphet, When Daylight Comes (1975); Marion Meade, Madame Blavatsky (1980); and Sylvia Cranston, HPB (1993). Peter Washington, Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: Theosophy and the Emergence of the Western Guru (1993), traces the growth and influence of the theosophical movement.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna — (Hahn) (1831–1891)    cofounder of the Theosophical Society    Better known by her initials, H.P.B., Helena Bla vatsky was one of the most influential 19th cen tury writers in the fields of Theosophy and the occult. As cofounder of the… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

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  • Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna — (1831–91)    Cult Founder.    Blavatsky was born in the Ukraine. She married young, but soon separated from her husband. With Henry Olcott she founded the Theosophical Society in New York in 1875, having spent many years in Tibet and India. She… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Blavatsky, Helena (Petrovna) — orig. Helena Petrovna Hahn known as Madame Blavatsky born Aug. 12, 1831, Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine, Russian Empire died May 8, 1891, London, Eng. Russian spiritualist and writer. After a brief marriage, she studied occultism and spiritualism and… …   Universalium

  • Blavatsky,Helena Petrovna Hahn — Bla·vat·sky (blə vătʹskē, vätʹ ), Helena Petrovna Hahn. 1831 1891. Russian born theosophist who founded (1875) the Theosophical Society in New York City and wrote books of occult lore, such as Isis Unveiled (1877). * * * …   Universalium

  • BLAVATSKY, Helena Petrovna — (1831 1891)    born and educated in Russia she appears to have led an adventurous life with numerous affairs before becoming a SPIRITUALIST in New York in the 1870s. Claiming to have visited Tibet and India, she elaborated on the basic practices… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Helena Blavatsky — Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Helena Blavatsky, co founder of the Theosophical Society Born 12 August 1831 Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (now Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) …   Wikipedia

  • Helena Blavatsky — Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (gebürtig Helena von Hahn; nach erster Verehelichung russisch Елена Петровна Блаватская, Jelena Petrowna Blawatskaja, moderne engl. Transkription Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; nach zweiter Verehelichung Helena Betanelly;… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blavatsky — Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (gebürtig Helena von Hahn; nach erster Verehelichung russisch Елена Петровна Блаватская, Jelena Petrowna Blawatskaja, moderne engl. Transkription Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; nach zweiter Verehelichung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helena von Hahn — Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (gebürtig Helena von Hahn; nach erster Verehelichung russisch Елена Петровна Блаватская, Jelena Petrowna Blawatskaja, moderne engl. Transkription Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; nach zweiter Verehelichung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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