Blackett, Patrick M.S., Baron Blackett of Chelsea

▪ British physicist
in full  Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett  
born Nov. 18, 1897, London, Eng.
died July 13, 1974, London

      winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1948 for his discoveries in the field of cosmic radiation, which he accomplished primarily with cloud-chamber photographs that revealed the way in which a stable atomic nucleus can be disintegrated by bombarding it with alpha particles (helium nuclei). Although such nuclear disintegration had been observed previously, his data explained this phenomenon for the first time and were useful in explaining disintegration by other means.

      After graduating from Cambridge University in 1921, Blackett spent 10 years as a research worker in the Cavendish Laboratory. There he began to develop the Wilson cloud chamber—a device that detects the path of ionizing particles—into an automatic instrument for the study of cosmic radiation. He received the Nobel Prize for his interpretation of the data he obtained from this device.

      Blackett became professor of physics at the University of London in 1933 and Langworthy professor of physics at the University of Manchester in 1937. He established a school of cosmic-ray research and stimulated the development of other research interests, which led to the creation of the first chair of radio astronomy, at the University of Manchester, and to the building of the Jodrell Bank Experimental Station for Radio Astronomy. In 1953 he was appointed professor and head of the physics department of the Imperial College of Science and Technology in London, where he became senior research fellow in 1965. That year he was named president of the Royal Society. He was created a life peer in 1969.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Blackett (of Chelsea), Patrick M(aynard) S(tuart), Baron — born Nov. 18, 1897, London, Eng. died July 13, 1974, London British physicist. He graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1921 and spent 10 years at the Cavendish Laboratory, where he developed the Wilson cloud chamber into an instrument… …   Universalium

  • Blackett (de Chelsea), Patrick M(aynard) S(tuart), barón — (18 nov. 1897, Londres, Inglaterra–13 jul. 1974, Londres). Físico británico. Se graduó de la Universidad de Cambridge en 1921 y trabajó diez años en el laboratorio Cavendish, donde transformó la cámara de niebla de Wilson en un instrumento para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett — Patrick Blackett Patrick Blackett, ca. 1950 Born Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett 18 November 1897(1897 11 18) …   Wikipedia

  • Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett — Patrick Blackett (ca. 1950) Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM, CH (* 18. November 1897 in London, England; † 13. Juli 1974 in London) war ein englischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Blackett — Patrick Blackett (ca. 1950) Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM, CH (* 18. November 1897 in London, England; † 13. Juli 1974 in London) war ein englischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blackett — Patrick Blackett (ca. 1950) Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM, CH (* 18. November 1897 in London, England; † 13. Juli 1974 in London) war ein englischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick Blackett — (ca. 1950) Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM, CH (* 18. November 1897 in London, England; † 13. Juli 1974 in London) war ein englischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett — Patrick Blackett (ca. 1950) Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM, CH (* 18. November 1897 in London, England; † 13. Juli 1974 in London) war ein englischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blackett —   [ blækɪt], Patrick Maynard Stuart Baron Blackett of Chelsea [ əv tʃelsɪː] (seit 1969), britischer Physiker, * London 18. 11. 1897, ✝ ebenda 13. 7. 1974; Professor in Manchester (1937 53) und London; bedeutende Arbeiten zur Kernphysik, über die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chelsea — se localiza en el lado oeste de Manhattan, Nueva York. Se ecuentra al sur de Hell s Kitchen y el Garment District, Su límite al sur es la calle 14 Oeste. Chelsea toma su monbre de la casa estilo Federal que fue el lugar de nacimiento de “Clement… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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