Bitlis

Turkey
      city, southeastern Turkey, southwest of Lake Van (Van, Lake) at 4,600 feet (1,400 metres) above sea level. Strategically situated in the narrow valley of the Bitlis Çay, a tributary of the Tigris River, it commands the only route from the Van basin to the Mesopotamian plains. It was mentioned frequently, as Bagesh, in old Armenian sources. Taken by the Muslim Arabs during the reign of the caliph ʿUmar (634–644), it changed hands intermittently among the Arab dynasties, the Armenians, the Byzantines, the Persian Il-Khans, and the Mongols until the establishment of a Kurdish dynasty in the 14th century. The Kurds at Bitlis, under Ottoman suzerainty, enjoyed considerable autonomy until 1847, when the town came under direct Ottoman administration. The Armenian insurrections at the end of the 19th century and the Russian occupation during World War I hurt Bitlis, reducing its population and damaging its weaving and dyeing industries. Historical monuments include a partly ruined medieval castle and numerous mosques, theological schools, and inns that date from the early Seljuq and Ottoman periods.

      The area in which Bitlis is situated includes the eastern corner of the Muş Plain, the plateau west of Lake Van, and the wild, mountainous country on both sides of the city of Bitlis. The climate in mountainous areas is harsh, with long winters and heavy snowfalls. Agricultural products include fruits, grain, and tobacco; industry is limited to leatherworking, the manufacture of tobacco products, and the weaving and dyeing of coarse cloth. Kurds form the majority of the population. Tatvan, on Lake Van, is a major port. Pop. (2000) 44,923.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bitlis — (Kurdish: Bilîs or Bedlîs Armenian: Baghaghesh , later Baghesh ) is a town in eastern Turkey and the capital of Bitlis Province. Kurds form the majority of the population, [ [http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article 9369506?query=Kurdistan ct=] ]… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bitlis — Bitlis, Haupthandelsstadt Armeniens und Hauptort des kleinasiatischen Wilajets B. (mit den Liwas B., Musch, Gindsch und Saird, 27,100 qkm mit 398,700 Einw.), am Fluß B., einem nördlichen Zufluß des Tigris, an der Straße von Trapezunt und Erzerum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Bitlis — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Bitlis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bitlis — Original name in latin Bitlis Name in other language Badlis, Bitlis, Bitliss, btlys, Битлис State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 38.40115 latitude 42.10784 altitude 1494 Population 46111 Date 2013 08 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bitlis — (Bidlis)    Bitlis was a prominent Kurdish emirate during the 16th and 17th centuries in what is now southeastern Turkey. It is the name of the province and its chief city. Although a scenic city long admired by visitors, it has very hot summers… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Bitlis — Bịtlis,   Provinzhauptstadt in Ostanatolien, Türkei, 1 500 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Tal des Bitlis Suyu, 38 100 Einwohner; Tabakindustrie; Handels und Garnisonsstadt an einem wichtigen Pass über den Osttaurus.   Geschichte:   Seit dem 13.… …   Universal-Lexikon

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