▪ American actressnée Amelia Swilleyborn March 20, 1869, Hicksville, Ohio, U.S.died September 1, 1927, New York, New YorkAmerican actress who not only achieved great popularity as a performer but also became perhaps the country's first successful actress-producer.Amelia Swilley left Ohio Wesleyan University in 1890 when she was encouraged by Lloyd Bingham, manager of a traveling professional theatrical company, to go on the stage. After obtaining some experience on the West Coast, she made her New York City debut in 1893. By that time she had married Bingham. Her subsequent appearances in The Power of Gold, The Shaughraun, The Colleen Bawn, The Village Postmaster, Captain Impudence, and other plays brought her great popularity, and in 1897, after winning a newspaper popularity poll over such stars as Lillian Russell (Russell, Lillian), Ada Rehan (Rehan, Ada), Fanny Davenport (Davenport, Fanny Lily Gypsy), and Maude Adams (Adams, Maude), she came under the management of Charles Frohman (Frohman, Charles). For four years she was Frohman's leading lady.In 1900 Bingham decided to become a producer. She took over the Bijou Theatre in New York City, assembled a cast, and in 1901 opened in her own production of Clyde Fitch (Fitch, Clyde)'s Climbers. She was apparently the first American actress to succeed as a producer as well. The success of her first venture was repeated with Lady Margaret and The Modern Magdalen in 1902 and The Frisky Mrs. Johnson in 1903. Subsequently, Bingham starred in Olympe (1904) and Mlle Marni (1905), played with various stock companies, and toured Great Britain in Big Moments from Great Plays in 1909. In 1913–14 she starred with Douglas Fairbanks and William H. Crane in The New Henrietta. Following the death of her husband in 1915 (while he was among the party on the Henry Ford Peace Ship (Ford, Henry)) and with her own health declining, she retired from the stage. She returned to appear in Trelawney of the Wells in 1925 and The Pearl of Great Price in 1926.
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