Billung dynasty

▪ German history
      the primary ruling dynasty in Saxony in the 10th and 11th centuries. It was founded by Hermann Billung, who in 936 received from the German king (and future emperor) Otto I a march, or border territory, on the lower Elbe River to be held against the pagan Slavic Wends (Wend). Otto repeatedly granted Hermann extensive authority in his absences (notably in Italy) but avoided attributing the ducal title to him. Herman's son, Bernhard I (d. 1101), developed his father's ducal status and title in Saxony and thereafter passed it to his descendants, who continued the struggle against the Slavs.

      Although the family extended its conquests toward the Oder River, thus preparing these territories for Christianization, their lands consisted of only the northeastern part of the former stem duchy of Saxony. Bernard I obtained guarantees of the special privileges and customs of the Saxons from the emperor Henry II; Bernard II (d. 1059) obtained similar guarantees from the emperor Conrad II. Both Bernard II and his son Ordulf (d. 1072) had to defend their territories against the encroachments of Adalbert, archbishop of Bremen. The family came to embody the Saxon national resentment toward the Salian (Salian Dynasty) kings and emperors Henry III and particularly Henry IV, who wanted to reestablish imperial authority in Saxony. In August 1106, with the death of Magnus Billung, the family died out.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… …   Wikipedia

  • Billung — The House of Billung was a dynasty of Saxon noblemen in the 9th through 12th centuries. The first known member of the house was Count Wichmann, mentioned as a Billung in 811. Oda, the wife of Count Liudolf, oldest known member of the Liudolfing… …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Duchy of Saxony — The subject of this article was previously also known as Saxony. For other uses, see Saxony (disambiguation). Duchy of Saxony Herzogtum Sachsen Stem duchy of the Frankish Empire State of the Holy Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • List of rulers of Saxony — See also: List of Saxon consorts Coat of arms of Saxony used since the accession of the House of Ascania to dukedom in 1180, comprising the Ascanian crest with an added bendwise crancelin indicating the Saxon ducal rank. This article lists Dukes …   Wikipedia

  • List of Saxon consorts — See also: List of rulers of Saxony This is a list of the Duchesses, Electresses and Queens of Saxony; the consorts of the Duke of Saxony and its successor states; including Electoral, Royal, Ascanian, Albertine, and the Ernestine Saxony. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • saxony — /sak seuh nee/, n. 1. a fine, three ply woolen yarn. 2. a soft finish, compact fabric, originally of high grade merino wool from Saxony, for topcoats and overcoats. 3. a pile carpet woven in the manner of a Wilton but with yarns of lesser quality …   Universalium

  • Saxony — Saxonian /sak soh nee euhn/, n., adj. Saxonic /sak son ik/, adj. /sak seuh nee/, n. 1. a state in E central Germany. 4,900,000; 6561 sq. mi. (16,990 sq. km). Cap.: Dresden. 2. a former state of the Weimar Republic in E central Germany. 5788 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Lothar II (or III) — ▪ Holy Roman emperor also spelled  Lothair  born , early June 1075 died Dec. 3/4, 1137, Breitenwang, now in Austria       German king (1125–37) and Holy Roman emperor (1133–37). He is reckoned as Lothar III by those who count not only Lothar I… …   Universalium

  • Otto of Nordheim — Otto of Northeim (German: Otto von Northeim) (c. 1020 – 11 January 1083) was Duke of Bavaria from 1061 until 1070. He was one of the leaders of the Saxon revolt against Emperor Henry IV. Otto belonged to the rich and influential Saxon family of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.