Beveridge, William Henry Beveridge, 1st Baron

▪ British economist
born March 5, 1879, Rangpur, India
died March 16, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
 economist who helped shape Britain's post-World War II welfare state policies and institutions through his Social Insurance and Allied Services (1942), also known as the Beveridge Report.

      Beveridge, the son of a British civil servant in India, was educated at Balliol College, Oxford. More than any other single figure, he brought the welfare state to Britain. His lifelong interest in the causes and cures of unemployment began in 1903 with his appointment as subwarden of Toynbee Hall, a London settlement house. At one of her famous strategic dinner parties, British socialist Beatrice Webb (Webb, Sidney and Beatrice) introduced her young protégé, Beveridge, to Winston Churchill (Churchill, Sir Winston). Churchill then invited Beveridge to serve as an adviser to the Board of Trade.

      Beveridge continued to serve in government, next as director of Labour Exchanges (1909–16) and later as permanent secretary of the Ministry of Food (1919). He directed the London School of Economics and Political Science from 1919 until 1937, when he was elected master of University College, Oxford. He was knighted in 1919 and was created a baron in 1946.

      In Unemployment: A Problem of Industry (1909), Beveridge argued that unemployment was in large measure caused by the organization of industry. His revised views, set forth in Full Employment in a Free Society (1944), were strongly influenced by Keynesian (Keynes, John Maynard) economics. Beveridge's most notable achievement came during World War II, when, at the invitation of the government, he helped work out the blueprints of the new British welfare state. His written works include Insurance for All (1924), British Food Control (1928), Planning Under Socialism (1936), Pillars of Security (1948), Power and Influence (1953), and A Defence of Free Learning (1959).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Beveridge (of Tuggal), William Henry, 1st Baron — born March 5, 1879, Rangpur, India died March 16, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. British economist. He took a lifelong interest in the problem of unemployment and served as director of labour exchanges (1909–16). He directed the London School of …   Universalium

  • William Beveridge — Infobox Person name = William Beveridge image size = 270px caption = birth name = birth date = birth date|1879|3|5|df=y birth place = Rangpur, India (now Bangladesh) death date = death date and age|1963|3|16|1879|3|5|df=y death place = Oxford,… …   Wikipedia

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • henry — /hen ree/, n., pl. henries, henrys. Elect. the SI unit of inductance, formally defined to be the inductance of a closed circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt is produced when the electric current in the circuit varies uniformly at a …   Universalium

  • Henry — /hen ree/, n. 1. Joseph, 1797 1878, U.S. physicist. 2. O., pen name of William Sydney Porter. 3. Patrick, 1736 99, American patriot, orator, and statesman. 4. Cape, a cape in SE Virginia at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 5. Fort. See …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Beveridge — I. biographical name Albert Jeremiah 1862 1927 American politician & historian II. biographical name William Henry 1879 1963 1st Baron Beveridge of Tuggal English economist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Beveridge — /ˈbɛvərɪdʒ/ (say bevuhrij), /ˈbɛvrɪdʒ/ (say bevrij) noun Sir William Henry, 1st Baron, 1879–1963, British economist and social reformer …   Australian English dictionary

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

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