Berger, Victor


Berger, Victor

▪ American political leader
born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder-Rehbach, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.

      a founder of the U.S. Socialist Party, the first Socialist elected to Congress.

      Berger immigrated to the United States in 1878. He taught public school in Milwaukee for a time and from 1892 was editor successively of Vorwarts, a German-language newspaper that he founded, and the Social Democratic Herald, later known as the Milwaukee Leader. With Eugene V. Debs (Debs, Eugene V.), he founded the Social Democratic Party, which in 1901 became the Socialist Party. Elected from Milwaukee to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1910, Berger served one term.

      During World War I, he joined other socialists in actively opposing U.S. participation; as a result, he was prosecuted under the Espionage Act, found guilty, and sentenced to 20 years in prison. Meanwhile, in 1918, he had again been elected to Congress. This time, however, members voted to deny him his seat. A special election was held in 1919, and Berger was again sent to Congress and was again refused admission. On an appeal to the Supreme Court, Berger had his espionage conviction overturned in 1921 and the following year was elected yet again to the House. Thus vindicated, he was permitted to take his seat; he served until 1929. In 1927 he succeeded Debs as chairman of the Socialist Party executive committee, a post he held until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • BERGER, VICTOR — (1860–1929), U.S. journalist, socialist leader, and congressman. Berger was born in Nieder Reh bach, Austria. In 1880 he immigrated to the United States and settled in Milwaukee, where he taught German and also taught Sunday School at the Bnei… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Berger, Victor (Louis) — born Feb. 28, 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Austria Hungary died Aug. 7, 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. Cofounder of the U.S. Socialist Party. He immigrated to the U.S. from Austria Hungary in 1878, founded a German language newspaper in 1892, and edited… …   Universalium

  • Berger, Victor (Louis) — (28 feb. 1860, Nieder Rehbach, Austria Hungría–7 ago. 1929, Milwaukee, Wis., EE.UU.). Cofundador del Partido Socialista de EE.UU. Inmigró a este país desde Austria Hungría en 1878, fundó un periódico en alemán en 1892 y dirigió el Social… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Victor Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor Louis Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor L. Berger — Victor Louis (Luitpold) Berger (February 28, 1860 ndash; August 7, 1929) was an American politician, a major part of the Sewer Socialist movement, and a founding member of the Socialist Party of America. In 1919 he was convicted of violating the… …   Wikipedia

  • Víctor — (del lat. «victor», vencedor) m. e interj. Vítor. * * * víctor. (Del lat. victor, vencedor). interj. vítor. U. t. c. s. * * * Víctor, san ► Nombre de varios papas y antipapas. ► Víctor I, san (m. 199) Pontífice romano en 189 199. Combatió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. a person who has overcome or defeated an adversary; conqueror. 2. a winner in any struggle or contest. 3. a word used in communications to represent the letter V. [1300 50; ME < L, equiv. to vic , var. s. of vincere to conquer… …   Universalium

  • Victor — /vik teuhr/, n. 1. an ancient Roman epithet variously applied to Jupiter, Mars, and Hercules. 2. Mil. the NATO name for a class of nuclear powered Soviet attack submarines. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Berger Victor Louis… …   Universalium

  • Victor L. Berger — Victor Berger, Foto und Titel eines Literary Digest Artikels von 1920 Victor Louis Berger (* 28. Februar 1860 in Nieder Rehbach, Österreich Ungarn; † 7. August 1929 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) war ein jüdisch amerikanischer Politiker und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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