Benítez Rojo, Antonio

▪ Cuban writer
born March 14, 1931, Havana, Cuba
died Jan. 5, 2005, Northampton, Mass., U.S.

      short-story writer, novelist, and essayist who was one of the most notable Latin American writers to emerge in the second half of the 20th century. His first book, the short-story collection Tute de reyes (“King's Flush”), won Cuba's major literary award, the Casa de las Américas Prize, in 1967, and in 1969 he won the Writers' Union annual short-story prize with his volume El escudo de hojas secas (“The Shield of Dry Leaves”).

      Benítez Rojo studied economics and accounting at the University of Havana and did not become involved in literary life until his mid-30s. He spent parts of his childhood in Panama and Puerto Rico, and he studied for a year in Washington, D.C. Learning English enabled him to read American and British literature in the original. At the outset of the Cuban revolution, Benítez Rojo worked in the Ministry of Labour. He won an official contest with the very first short story he wrote and switched to the cultural bureaucracy, where he rose to the rank of director of the Caribbean Studies Centre of Casa de las Américas. Disaffected with Castro's regime, he abandoned Cuba in 1980. He traveled to the United States and took a position as professor of Spanish at Amherst College in Amherst, Mass.

      His novel El mar de las lentejas (1979; Sea of Lentils) is set in the Caribbean during the colonial period. His prizewinning collection of essays La isla que se repite: el Caribe y la perspectiva posmoderna (1989; The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the Postmodern Perspective) has become widely influential. The collection of stories El paso de los vientos (1999; “Windward Passage”) contains some pieces that are set in colonial times.

      Benítez Rojo's stories follow two main themes: Caribbean history and the disintegration of the Cuban bourgeoisie in the aftermath of the revolution. The former deal with the emergence of the Caribbean from the clashes between the white colonizers and their black slaves who seek freedom. The latter explore the uncanny in the manner of Edgar Allan Poe (Poe, Edgar Allan), Horacio Quiroga (Quiroga, Horacio), Jorge Luis Borges (Borges, Jorge Luis), and Julio Cortázar (Cortázar, Julio). By far Benítez Rojo's best story, and one of the best ever from Latin America, is "Estatuas Sepultadas" ( "Buried Statues" ), which narrates the isolation of a formerly well-to-do family in an enclosed mansion, where they can barely hear and must intuit the transcendental transformations taking place around them.

Roberto González Echevarría

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Universalium. 2010.

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