Bastian, Adolf

▪ German ethnologist
born June 26, 1826, Bremen, Ger.
died Feb. 2, 1905, Port of Spain, Trinidad
 ethnologist who theorized that there is a general psychic unity of humankind that is responsible for certain elementary ideas common to all peoples. Bastian proposed that cultural traits, folklore, myths, and beliefs of various ethnic groups originate within each group according to laws of cultural evolution and are essentially the same, merely differing in form because of geographic environment. His views are thought to have influenced a number of prominent anthropologists, including Bronisław Malinowski. The concept of the collective unconscious advanced by the psychoanalyst Carl Jung (Jung, Carl) is believed to have been derived from Bastian's theory of elementary ideas.

      In 1851 Bastian went to sea as a ship's surgeon on the first of many voyages he was to make in the course of his lifetime. His first venture took him to many parts of the world, including South America, the West Indies, Australia, China, India, and Africa. Der Mensch in der Geschichte, 3 vol. (1860; “Man in History”), is considered his major work. Five years in the Orient preceded publication of his Die Völker des östlichen Asien, 6 vol. (1866–71; “The People of Eastern Asia”). He then became professor of ethnology at Friedrich Wilhelm University, Berlin. He was the founder and curator of the Royal Museum of Ethnology, Berlin, which was for many years one of the most important institutions of its kind, and he enriched it with his own substantial collection.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BASTIAN, ADOLF —    an eminent ethnologist, born at Bremen; travelled over and surveyed, in the interest of his science, all quarters of the globe, and recorded the fruits of his survey in his numerous works, no fewer than thirty in number, beginning with Der… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adolf Bastian — als Corpsstudent, 1846 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bastian [2] — Bastĭan, Adolf, Reisender und Ethnolog, geb. 26. Juni 1826 zu Bremen, seit 1866 Prof. der Ethnologie in Berlin, Direktor des Museums für Völkerkunde das., machte Reisen in allen Weltteilen, gest. 3. Febr. 1905 in Port of Spain (Trinidad);… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adolf Bastian — El estilo de esta traducción aún no ha sido revisado por terceros. Si eres hispanohablante nativo y no has participado en esta traducción puedes colaborar revisando y adaptando el estilo de ésta u otras traducciones ya acabadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolf Bastian — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bastian. Adolf Bastian Adolf Bastian (26 juin 1826, Brême – 2 février 1905 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bastian Pastewka — (2011) Bastian Pastewka (* 4. April 1972 in Bochum) ist ein deutscher Schauspieler, Komödiant, Synchronsprecher und Hörbuchinterpret. Einem breiten Publikum wurde er Ende der 1990er Jahre durch die Sketchsendung Die Wochenshow …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bastian — Bastian, as a surname, may refer to:* Adolf Bastian * Ali Bastian * Bruce Bastian * Fritz Bastian * Gert Bastian * Henry Charlton Bastian * Mary Bastian * Noah BastianAndrea Bastianee also* Bastian Schweinsteiger * Bastian Balthazar Bux,… …   Wikipedia

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