Baruch, Book of

▪ ancient text
      ancient text purportedly written by Baruch, secretary and friend of Jeremiah, the Old Testament prophet. The text is still extant in Greek and in several translations from Greek into Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Ethiopic, and other languages. The Book of Baruch is apocryphal to the Hebrew and Protestant canons but was incorporated in the Septuagint (q.v.; Greek version of the Hebrew Bible) and was included in the Old Testament for Roman Catholics.

      The work is a compilation of several authors and is the only work among the apocrypha that was consciously modeled after the prophetic writings of the Old Testament.

      A brief introduction reports that Baruch wrote the book five years after the destruction of Jerusalem by Babylonia in 586 BC. A long prayer (1:15–3:8) is a national confession of sins similar to the lamentation in chapter nine of the Old Testament Book of Daniel. The original Hebrew text perhaps dates from the late 2nd century BC. In the next section, a poem identifies God with universal wisdom and names the Judaic Law as God's gift of wisdom to men (3:9–4:4). In poems of lamentation and consolation that follow (4:5–5:9), Jerusalem is personified as a widow who weeps for her lost children, and God speaks words of comfort to the Jews. These latter poems may date from the 1st century BC.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BARUCH, BOOK OF — (abbr. I Bar.), an apocryphal book which together with the Epistle of jeremiah is associated in the Septuagint with the writings attributed to the prophet Jeremiah and is regarded as canonical in both the Eastern and Latin churches. It purports… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch, book of — A miscellaneous collection of prayers and narrative from the 2nd cent. BCE attributed to Jeremiah s scribe Baruch. It was contained in the Greek LXX (though it may have been originally composed in Hebrew) and is therefore classified as part of… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Baruch — • The disciple of Jeremiah, and the traditional author of the deuto canonical book, which bears his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Baruch     Baruch      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • BARUCH — BARUCH, name of several kabbalists. BARUCH SHELI AḤ ẒIBBUR TOGARMI. Baruch Sheli aḥ ẓibbur Togarmi, as is suggested by his cognomen Togarmi, was a cantor of eastern origin. He wrote a treatise, extant in several manuscripts (Paris, Oxford, New… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH, REST OF THE WORDS OF — BARUCH, REST OF THE WORDS OF, apocryphal book, also called Paralipomena Jeremiae (Chronicles of Jeremiah) in its present form, a Christian reworking of a patently Jewish source. It is connected with the wider Baruch and Jeremiah literature… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch ben Neriah — (c. 6th century BCE) was the scribe, disciple, secretary, and devoted friend of the Biblical prophet Jeremiah. According to Josephus, he was a Jewish aristocrat, a son of Neriah and brother of Seraiah ben Neriah, chamberlain of King Zedekiah of… …   Wikipedia

  • Baruch — (Hebrew Name|בָּרוּךְ|Baruḫ|Bārûḵ| Blessed ) has been a given name among Jews from Biblical times up to the present, on some occasions also used as surname. It is also found, though more rarely, among Christians particularly among Protestants who …   Wikipedia

  • BARUCH, GREEK APOCALYPSE OF — (abbr. III Bar.), an apocalypse describing the journey of baruch through the heavens. Baruch, Jeremiah s scribe, weeps over the destruction of Jerusalem and questions God s righteousness. He is granted this heavenly journey in order to subdue his …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN ISAAC OF WORMS — (late 12th–early 13th century), German tosafist. Although Baruch lived in Worms, he probably came from France and is sometimes referred to as Ha Zarefati ( the Frenchman ). Baruch was a pupil of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre, and after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH BEN SAMUEL OF MAINZ — (c. 1150–1221), scholar and paytan. Baruch was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha Kohen, whom he succeeded as a member of the bet din of Mainz. There is no basis for Aptowitzer s statement that a dispute for the position between him and his kinsman,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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