Barry, Sir Charles

▪ British architect
born May 23, 1795, London, Eng.
died May 12, 1860, London
 one of the architects of the Gothic Revival in England and chief architect of the British Houses of Parliament (Parliament, Houses of).

      The son of a stationer, Barry was articled to a firm of surveyors and architects until 1817, when he set out on a three-year tour of France, Greece, Italy, Egypt, Turkey, and Palestine to study architecture. In 1820 he settled in London. One of his first works was the Church of Saint Peter at Brighton, which he began in the 1820s. In 1832 he completed the Travellers' Club in Pall Mall, the first work in the style of an Italian Renaissance palace to be built in London. In the same style and on a grander scale he built (1837–41) the Reform Club. He was also engaged on numerous private mansions in London, the finest being Bridgewater House, which was completed in the 1850s. In Birmingham one of his best works, King Edward's School, was built in the Perpendicular Gothic style between 1833 and 1837. For Manchester he designed the Royal Institution of Fine Arts (1824–35) and the Athenaeum (1836–39), and for Halifax the town hall (completed in the early 1860s).

 In 1835 a design competition was held for a new Houses of Parliament (Parliament, Houses of) building, also called Westminster Palace, to replace the one destroyed by fire in 1834. Barry won the contest in 1836, and the project occupied him for the rest of his life. With the help of Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (Pugin, A.W.N.), Barry designed a composition ornamented in the Gothic Revival style and featuring two asymmetrically placed towers. The complex of the Houses of Parliament (1837–60) is Barry's masterpiece.

      Barry was elected an associate of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1840 and a royal academician in the following year and received many foreign honours. He was knighted in 1852 and, on his death, was buried in Westminster Abbey.

      His son, Edward Middleton Barry (1830–80), also a noted architect, completed the work on the Houses of Parliament.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barry, Sir Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building [br] b. 23 May 1795 Westminster, London, England d. 12 May 1860 Clapham, London, England [br] English architect who was a leader in the field between the years 1830 and 1860. [br] Barry was typical of the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Barry,Sir Charles — Bar·ry (bărʹē), Sir Charles. 1795 1860. British architect who designed the Houses of Parliament in London (1839). * * * …   Universalium

  • BARRY, SIR CHARLES —    architect, born at Westminster; architect of the new Palace of Westminster, besides other public buildings (1795 1860) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • DUFFY, Sir Charles Gavan (1816-1903) — Irish patriot and premier of Victoria was born in Monaghan, Ireland, on 12 April 1816. His father, John Duffy, was a prosperous shopkeeper, his mother was a daughter of Patrick Gavan, a gentleman farmer. At nine years of age Duffy heard his… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Charles Barry — Charles Barry …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Barry — Sir Charles Barry (23 mai 1795 – 12 mai 1860) est un architecte britannique du XIXe siècle, notamment connu pour avoir entrepris la reconstruction du palais de Westminster dans sa ville natale de Londres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barry — Barry, Sir Charles, engl. Architekt, geb. 23. Mai 1795, gest. 12. Mai 1860 zu Clapham; Hauptwerk der spätgot. Westminsterpalast in London (1840 52.) – Sein Sohn Edward Middleton B., geb. 7. Juni 1830, gest. 29. Jan. 1880, ebenfalls Architekt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charles Barry — For his son, also an architect, see Charles Barry, Jr.. For the Irish lawyer, see Charles Robert Barry. Sir Charles Barry Born 23 May 1795(1795 05 23) …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Barry — La torre del reloj del palacio de Westminster, la construcción más famosa de Barry. Sir Charles Barry (23 de mayo de 1795 – 12 de mayo de 1860) fue un arquitecto inglés, conocido por su participación en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Court — Sir Charles Court AK, KCMG, OBE Charles Court in 1953 21st Premier of Western Australia …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.