Balbinus

▪ Roman emperor
in full  Decius Caelius Calvinus Balbinus 
died 238
 Roman emperor for three months in 238.

      A patrician, Balbinus was a Salian priest, twice a consul, and proconsul in Asia. In 238, when the Senate led a rebellion of the Italian cities against Maximinus (emperor 235–238), it placed the government in the hands of a board of 20, one of whom was Balbinus, and then chose Balbinus and Pupienus Maximus to be joint emperors. Pupienus, a former city prefect, was extremely unpopular with the people of Rome. When the enraged populace besieged the Senate and emperors in the Capitol, Balbinus and Pupienus extricated themselves by appointing as caesar the young Gordian (Gordian III), grandson of the original leader of the revolt.

      Balbinus remained in Rome in charge of the civil administration, while Pupienus advanced to defeat Maximinus. After Maximinus and his son were murdered by their own troops at Aquileia, Pupienus returned to Rome to celebrate a joint triumph with Balbinus and Gordian. Balbinus, fearing his colleague intended to make himself sole ruler, quarreled with him. The Praetorian Guard, unhappy with the active role played by the Senate in choosing the new emperors, took advantage of the dispute to kidnap both emperors; the two were murdered as their captors tried to escape from the German guards. Gordian was thereupon proclaimed sole emperor.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Balbinus — 31st Emperor of the Roman Empire Bust of Balbinus Reign 22 April – 29 July 238 (with Pupienus, and in opposition to …   Wikipedia

  • Balbīnus — Balbīnus, 1) Decimus Cölins B., war 238[235] n.Chr. mit Marc. Clod. Pupienus Consul u. wurde wegen seines großen Ansehens nach dem Tode der beiden ersten Gordiane in Afrika gegen Maximinus zum Kaiser ernannt, aber bald darauf mit jenem zu Rom… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Balbīnus — Balbīnus, Decimus Cölius, röm. Kaiser, von edler Abkunft, war zweimal Konsul und Statthalter und wurde im Frühjahr 238 vom Senat mit Maximus Pupienus auf den Thron gegen Maximinus Thrax erhoben. Allein durch die mit den Senatskaisern… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • BALBINUS — post mortem Gordianorum, cum Pupieno, eleceus a Senatu Imperator Romanus bis ante Consul et Praefectus urbis, et plurimarum provinciarum rector. Genus suum referebat ad Cornel. Balbum Theophanem, qui per Pompeium civitatem meruerat, quum esser… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Balbinus — Bronzemünze des Balbinus Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus († 29. Juli 238 in Rom) war im Sechskaiserjahr vom 22. April 238 bis zu seinem Tod römischer Kaiser. Er wurde zusammen mit Pupienus vom römischen Senat gewählt, nachdem es Gordian I. un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Balbinus, Boleslaus — • A Jesuit historian of Bohemia (1621 1688) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pupienus and Balbinus — Infobox Roman emperor name =Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus caption =Bust of Pupienus reign =22 April 29 July 238 (with Balbinus, and in revolt against Maximinus Thrax) predecessor =Gordian I and II successor =Gordian III spouse = spouse 2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius Coelius Balbinus — Publius Coelius Balbinus Vibullius Pius war ein römischer Politiker und Senator des 2. Jahrhunderts. Über Balbinus ist kaum etwas bekannt. Wahrscheinlich stammte er aus der Baetica (Südspanien) und wahrscheinlich war Publius Coelius Apollinaris,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boleslaus Balbinus —     Boleslaus Balbinus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Boleslaus Balbinus     A Jesuit historian of Bohemia, born 4 December 1621, at Königgrätz, of an ancient noble family; died 29 November, 1688 at Prague. His entire life was a devoted to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Publius Coelius Balbinus — Vibullius Pius war ein römischer Politiker und Senator des 2. Jahrhunderts. Über Balbinus ist kaum etwas bekannt. Wahrscheinlich stammte er aus der Baetica (Südspanien) und wahrscheinlich war Publius Coelius Apollinaris, Konsul im Jahr 169, sein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.