Baker, George Pierce

▪ American drama teacher
born April 4, 1866, Providence, R.I., U.S.
died Jan. 6, 1935, New York, N.Y.

      American teacher of some of the most notable American dramatists, among them Eugene O'Neill, Philip Barry, Sidney Howard, and S.N. Behrman. Emphasizing creative individuality and practical construction (he guided students' plays through workshop performances), Baker fostered an imaginative realism. The critic John Mason Brown and the novelists John Dos Passos and Thomas Wolfe also studied under Baker, who appears as Professor Hatcher in Wolfe's autobiographical novel Of Time and the River.

      Baker graduated from Harvard University in 1887 and remained there to teach. In 1905 he started his class for playwrights, Workshop 47 (named after its course number), the first of its kind to be part of a university curriculum. He concerned himself not only with writing but also with stage design, lighting, costuming, and dramatic criticism. Baker's annual lecture tours, following a lectureship at the Sorbonne in 1907, introduced many Americans to European ideas of theatre art. His university productions pioneered advanced staging techniques in the United States.

      From 1925 until he retired in 1933, Baker was professor of the history and technique of drama at Yale University, founding a drama school there and directing the university theatre. Many innovative techniques in theatre, motion-picture, and television production had their origins in his work at Yale. Of his writings, the best known are The Development of Shakespeare as a Dramatist (1907) and Dramatic Technique (1919).

Additional Reading
Wisner Payne Kinne, George Pierce Baker and the American Theatre (1954, reissued 1968).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baker, George Pierce — (1866 1935)    A native of Providence, Rhode Island, George Pierce Baker studied literature at Harvard University. He graduated in 1887, returning to the academic life there in 1905 to teach. Baker sponsored the Harvard Dramatic Club from its… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Baker, George Pierce — ► (1866 1935) Crítico y profesor de arte dramático estadounidense. Organizó un laboratorio teatral, el 47 Workshop, de gran influencia en la evolución escénica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Pierce Baker — (1866–1935), American educator in the field of drama.He graduated in the Harvard class of 1887, and taught in the English Department at Harvard 1888–1924. He started his 47 workshop class in playwrighting in 1905. He was instrumental in creating… …   Wikipedia

  • Baker — Baker, George Pierce Baker, Josephine * * * (as used in expressions) Baker v. Carr Baker, Chet Chesney Henry Baker Baker, Josephine Baker, Newton D(iehl) Baker, Russell (Wayne) Baker, Sara Josephine George Baker …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Baker — may refer to:*George Pierce Baker (1866–1925), U.S. drama professor *George Fisher Baker (1840–1931), U.S. banker and philanthropist *George Baker (politician) (born 1942), Canadian Senator *George Barnard Baker (1834 1910), Canadian politician… …   Wikipedia

  • George Abbott — est un scénariste, réalisateur, producteur et acteur américain né le 25 juin 1887 à Forestville, État de New York (États Unis), décédé le 31 janvier 1995 à Miami Beach (Floride). Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Parcours Scolaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George H. W. Bush — This article is about the 41st U.S. president. For ship named after him, see USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77). For his son, the 43rd U.S. president, see George W. Bush. For other persons of the same name, see George Bush (disambiguation). George H.… …   Wikipedia

  • Baker — /bay keuhr/, n. 1. Sir Benjamin, 1840 1907, English engineer. 2. George Pierce, 1866 1935, U.S. critic, author, and professor of drama. 3. Howard H(enry), Jr., born 1925, U.S. politician: senator 1967 85. 4. Dame Janet, born 1933, English mezzo… …   Universalium

  • George Abbott — Infobox Playwright colour = #d9d9ff name = George Abbott caption = birth date = birth date|1887|6|25 birth place = Forestville, New York death date = dda|1995|1|31|1887|6|25 death place = Miami Beach, Florida nationality = United States period =… …   Wikipedia

  • George Fisher Baker — (March 27, 1840, in Troy, New York – May 2, 1931) was a U.S. financier and philanthropist. He provided much of the initial funding for Harvard Business School. Beside that, he made several large donations to charitable causes throughout New York… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.