Azīz, al-ʿ

▪ Fāṭimid caliph
in full  Al-ʿazīz Biʾllāh Nizār Abū Manṣūr  
born May 10, 955
died Oct. 14, 996, Bilbays, Egypt

      caliph under whom the Fāṭimid (Fāṭimid Dynasty) empire attained its greatest extent.

      The first of the Fāṭimids to begin his reign in Egypt, where the caliphate was later centred, al-ʿAzīz succeeded his father, al-Muʿizz, in 975. He was ambitious to expand his domains at the expense of the Byzantine Empire and of the rival ʿAbbāsid caliphate, and for most of his reign he was involved in military and political ventures in northern Syria, where he and the Byzantine emperor Basil II at length reached a stalemate. Al-ʿAzīz, who had a Christian wife, was known for his favourable attitude toward Christians and Jews, and he began the practice of employing Turkish mercenaries, who later came to dominate Egypt. He died as he was preparing to lead a great expedition against the Byzantines.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aziz — oder al Aziz (arabisch ‏عزیز‎, DMG ʿazīz ‚mächtig, lieb, teuer‘) ist der Name folgender Personen: Abd al Aziz (Abdul Aziz), diverse Personen Abdu l Wahid Aziz (1931–1982), irakischer Gewichtheber Abu Mansur Al Aziz (955–996), Kalif der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aziz — (arabe عزيز [ azîz] : cher, puissant, chéri, aimé), est un prénom masculin en général. Étant donné la parenté étymologique avec Aimé, il est fêté le 13 septembre. On retrouve la racine az dans Booz (hébreu bô az, en lui (est) la force),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AZIZ° — AZIZ°, king of Emesa in Syria (d. 54 C.E.). Aziz succeeded Sampigermos, who had diplomatic and family relationships with agrippa i , king of Judea. These ties were strengthened when Aziz married Drusilla, Agrippa II s sister, and even agreed to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aziz — Nom arabe ( azîz) signifiant l honoré, le très aimé (c est l un des plus beaux noms de Dieu). Dérivé : Azizi (= de Aziz) …   Noms de famille

  • Aziz — (arab., d.h. der Starke), 1) A. Billa Abu Mansur, 975–996 Khalif von Ägypten, s.d. (Gesch.). 2) Metik el A., 1193–1198 2. Sultan der Ejubiten in Ägypten (s. ebd.). 3) Melik el A. Moez Eddin, 1250–1257 1. Sultan der Mameluckendynastie der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aziz — Or see as is (disambiguation). Aziz, (Arabic,عزيز) originally a Syriac word and name, is also an Arabic name, and spans other areas such as Russia. Aziz in Arabic is derived from the root A z z and it means one that is powerful , strong ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Aziz — (as used in expressions) Saud ibn Abd al Aziz al Faysal Al Saud Aziz al Din Alamgir II Abd al Aziz ibn Abd al Rahman ibn Faysal Al * * * …   Universalium

  • Aziz — (as used in expressions) Aziz al Din Alamgir II Abd al Aziz ibn Abd al Rahman ibn Faysal Al Saud Saud ibn Abd al Aziz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aziz — I Provenance. Prénom d origine arabe. Signifie: le très honoré Histoire. Depuis maintenant quatorze siècles, la plupart des musulmans, de par le monde, qu ils soient asiatiques, africains, européens ou américains, ont à coeur de choisir pour… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • Aziz — arabischer Name, Bedeutung: der mir am Herzen liegt; Kurzform von Abdelaziz (Bedeutung: mächtiger Diener). Namensträger: Aziz Nesin, türkischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch namen

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.