Aydın

Turkey
      city, southwestern Turkey, near the Menderes River (the ancient Maeander). It is an important trading centre on the Afyon-İzmir highway and rail line. Nearby is the site of ancient Tralles, said to have been founded by the Argives. Aydın was called Güzelhisar (“Beautiful Castle”) under the Turkmen Menteşe emirs in the 13th century. Renamed for the 14th-century ruling dynasty of Aydın, it was annexed to the Ottoman Empire about 1390. Timur (Tamerlane), who conquered it in 1402, reestablished the principality of Aydın; but it was soon recaptured by the Ottomans. The city was heavily damaged in September 1922 when the retreating Greeks set it afire as a final gesture before they surrendered to the Turkish nationalists. The city's historical buildings include mosques and a theological school. A Roman gymnasium (4th century BC), a marble column, and the theatre are the only remains of Tralles. Pop. (2000) 143,267.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aydin — Aydın …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aydin — Aydın Aydın Tralles Administration Pays  Turquie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aydın — Tralles Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AYDIN — AYDIN, capital city of Aydin province in western Turkey. Population (2004): 156,600. There was a Jewish community in Aydin (then called Tralles) from the Roman era until the Ottoman period. At the beginning of the 20th century the community… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • aydıñ — aydın, ay aydınlığl. I, 117 …   Divan-i Luqat-i it-Türk Dizini

  • Aydın — Infobox Settlement settlement type = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of Aydın within Turkey. timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3official name = Aidın image caption = image blank… …   Wikipedia

  • Aydin — Para otros usos de este término, véase provincia de Aydın. Aydın …   Wikipedia Español

  • aydın — sif. 1. İşıqlı, aylı, mahtab. Aydın gecə. – Azər daha çox zövq alır aydın gecələrdən. H. C.. Aydın bir gecədir, ulduzlar həsrətlə yerə baxır. S. Rüst.. 2. İşıqlı, nurlu, işıqsaçan. // Parlaq. 3. Buludsuz, açıq, təmiz. Aydın səma. Aydın hava. –… …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Aydın — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Aydın …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aydin — Ạydin,   Provinzhauptstadt in Westanatolien, Türkei, in der fruchtbaren Ebene des Büyük Menderes, am Südfuß des bis 1 819 m hohen Gebirgszuges Aydɪn Dağlarɪ, 106 600 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   Baumwoll und Tabakverarbeitung.   Geschichte:   In… …   Universal-Lexikon

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