Association Internationale du Congo

▪ Belgian organization
English  International Association of the Congo,  original name  Comité d'Études du Haut Congo,  English  Committee for Studies of the Upper Congo,  

      association under whose auspices the Congo region (coextensive with present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo) was explored and brought under the ownership of the Belgian king Leopold II and a group of European investors.

      The Committee for Studies of the Upper Congo was founded by Leopold II in 1878 with financing from an international group of bankers, following the British-American explorer Henry (later Sir Henry) Morton Stanley (Stanley, Sir Henry Morton)'s exploration of the Congo River in 1876–77. Leopold hoped to open up the region along the Congo River. Between 1879 and 1882, Stanley, under the auspices of the renamed International Association of the Congo, established several trading and administrative stations along the Congo River, including Leopoldville (now Kinshasa), and negotiated treaties with local chiefs. Returning to Europe in 1882, he reported to the association that in order for the Congo basin to be profitably opened up, a railway would have to be constructed between the upper and lower Congo rivers; a charter would have to be obtained from the European powers to build the railway and to govern the land through which it would pass.

      In 1884 Stanley returned from another expedition to the Congo, having signed treaties with 450 independent African chiefs who had agreed to cede the rights of sovereignty over much of the Congo basin to Leopold's association. Moreover, since many of the chiefs had been persuaded to combine their chiefdoms, the International Association of the Congo claimed the right to govern all the territories as an independent state. No other power disputed these claims, and in April 1884 the United States became the first country to recognize them. The claims were recognized almost universally at the Berlin West Africa Conference of 1884–85, at which the major European powers met to decide questions relating to the Congo basin. At that conference Leopold was recognized as the sovereign of the new state, and the state was named État Indépendant du Congo (Congo Free State). See Congo Free State.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Association Internationale Du Congo — L Association internationale du Congo (en agrégé AIC) fut une association créée le 17 novembre 1879 par Léopold II de Belgique à partir du Comité d études du Haut Congo. L association fut dissoute en 1885 et ses structures reprises par l État… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association internationale du Congo — (A.I.C.) association qui succéda à l Association internationale africaine en 1884 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Association internationale du Congo — L Association internationale du Congo (en agrégé AIC) fut une association créée le 17 novembre 1879 par Léopold II de Belgique à partir du Comité d études du Haut Congo. L association fut dissoute en 1885 et ses structures reprises par l État… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association Internationale Africaine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir AIA. Drapeau de l Association internationale africaine (détails) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association internationale africaine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir AIA. Drapeau de l Association internationale africaine (détails) L Association internationale africaine (AIA) fut une organisation cré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association Internationale Africaine —    The first of three organizations founded by King Léopold II of Belgium ostensibly to enhance international scientific and philanthropic cooperation in opening up the interior of Central Africa. The organization was founded at the Brussels… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Association internationale des maires francophones — Création 1979 Type Association internationale d élus locaux Siège Paris Langue(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association Internationale De Droit Économique — L Association internationale de droit économique (AIDE) est une association scientifique internationale francophone. Elle regroupe des juristes et des économistes, des gestionnaires et des politologues, théoriciens et praticiens, qui estiment… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association internationale africaine — (A.I.A.) association fondée en 1876 par le roi des Belges Léopold II pour explorer l Afrique. En fait, elle colonisa la rég. du Congo …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Association Internationale Africaine — The Association Internationale Africaine was an organization created by King Léopold II of Belgium to further humanitarian projects in the area of Central Africa that was to become the Congo Free State and subsequently today s Democratic Republic …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.