Ascanian Dynasties

▪ German history
      branches of a German family influential from the 12th century to 1918. The name, adopted during the first quarter of the 12th century, was derived from Aschersleben, where the counts of Ballenstedt had a castle in the midst of possessions northeast of the Harz mountains.

      Albert the Bear (see Albert I under Albert [Brandenburg]) was the first to raise the family's rank from that of count to margrave. Having been invested with the North Mark in 1134, he extended it east of the Elbe River to form the Mark of Brandenburg. These lands remained under the senior branch of the Ascanians until it became extinct in 1320.

      In 1180, meanwhile, on the fall of Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, Bernard (Bernhard; d. 1212), one of Albert's younger sons, had obtained those of Henry's territories in the Elbe region that carried the title duke of Saxony. In 1260 these lands were divided into two duchies, Saxe-Lauenburg in the northwest and Saxe-Wittenberg in central Germany, for the sons of Bernard's son Albert. Saxe-Wittenberg, which secured the Saxon electoral title in 1356, passed in 1423, on the extinction of the Ascanian branch there, to the margraves of Meissen (of the House of Wettin). Thus the name Saxony, which originally belonged to a tribal land in the North German plain, was transferred to the southeast and to the upper Elbe. The Ascanians of Saxe-Lauenburg, however, lasted until 1689.

      Yet another Ascanian principality was Anhalt, the basis of which was formed when the original possessions of the family (from Aschersleben to Zerbst and Dessau) passed to Bernard's elder son Henry in 1212. The Ascanians ruled in Anhalt until 1918.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • House of Ascania — Royal house surname =House of Ascania estate =Anhalt coat of arms = country =Anhalt, Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxe Lauenburg, Lüneburg, Russia titles =Count, Prince, Duke, Margrave, Empress founder =Esiko, Count of Ballenstedt final ruler =Joachim… …   Wikipedia

  • saxony — /sak seuh nee/, n. 1. a fine, three ply woolen yarn. 2. a soft finish, compact fabric, originally of high grade merino wool from Saxony, for topcoats and overcoats. 3. a pile carpet woven in the manner of a Wilton but with yarns of lesser quality …   Universalium

  • Saxony — Saxonian /sak soh nee euhn/, n., adj. Saxonic /sak son ik/, adj. /sak seuh nee/, n. 1. a state in E central Germany. 4,900,000; 6561 sq. mi. (16,990 sq. km). Cap.: Dresden. 2. a former state of the Weimar Republic in E central Germany. 5788 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Albert I — 1875 1934, king of the Belgians 1909 34. * * * born April 8, 1875, Brussels, Belg. died Feb. 17, 1934, Marche les Dames, near Namur King of the Belgians (1909–34). He succeeded his uncle, King Leopold II, in 1909. He strengthened the army while… …   Universalium

  • Köthen — ▪ Germany       city, Saxony Anhalt Land (state), east central Germany, north of Halle. First mentioned in 1115 and known as a market town in 1194, it was a medieval seat of the counts of the Ascanian Dynasties of Ballenstedt; from 1603 until… …   Universalium

  • Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… …   Wikipedia

  • Neumark — For other uses, see Neumark (disambiguation). Neumark or Ostbrandenburg (de) Nowa Marchia (pl) terra trans Oderam (la) Neumark or East Brandenburg Region of the Margra …   Wikipedia

  • List of rulers of Brandenburg — Coat of arms of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. See also: List of consorts of Brandenburg This article lists the Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg during the period of time that Brandenburg was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire.… …   Wikipedia

  • Lower Lusatia — Coat of arms of Lower Lusatia, Hugo Gerhard Ströhl Lower Lusatia (German: Niederlausitz, Lower Sorbian: Dolna Łužyca, Upper Sorbian: Delnja Łužica, Czech: Dolní Luž …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.