Archer, Frederick Scott

▪ British sculptor and inventor
born 1813, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, Eng.
died May 2, 1857, London

      English inventor of the first practical photographic process by which more than one copy of a picture could be made.

      Archer, a butcher's son, began his professional career as an apprentice silversmith in London, then turned to portrait sculpture. To assist him in this work, he began experimenting with the calotype photographic process of William Henry Fox Talbot (Talbot, William Henry Fox). In 1851 he described his wet collodion process, by which finely detailed glass negatives were produced; from these, paper positives could be printed. The plates had to be developed before the sensitized collodion dried after exposure, so that a darkroom tent and portable laboratory were needed for outdoor photography; but the new process produced such good results that it dominated photography for a generation. A lawsuit by Talbot claiming that the wet collodion was merely a variant of his own process was dismissed.

      Archer also invented the ambrotype, a cheap form of portraiture, in collaboration with another photographer, but, having devoted all his funds to research, he died in poverty.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Archer, Frederick Scott — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 1813 Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England d. May 1857 London, England [br] English photographer, inventor of the wet collodion process, the dominant photographic process between 1851 and… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Archer, Frederick Scott — (1813 1857) Englischer Bildhauer, Fotograf und Erfinder. Mit der Kollodium Naßplatte, die er 1851 beschrieb, erfand er die erste praktisch brauchbare Fotoplatte aus Glas. Seine Erfindung fand trotz der recht umständlichen Handhabung schnelle… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Frederick Scott Archer — (1813–1857) nació en Bishop s Stortford en el Reino Unido[1] fue escultor y es conocido por haber inventado el proceso fotográfico del colodión húmedo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederick Scott Archer — For people named Fred Archer (including the unrelated 20th century photographer), see Fred Archer. Frederick Scott Archer (1813 1857) invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulsion. He was born in Bishop s… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick Scott Archer — (* 1813 in Bishop’s Stortford, Großbritannien; † 1857) war Bildhauer und Fotopionier. Er entwickelte die Kollodium Nassplatte für fotografische Aufnahmen. Archer experimentierte für seine Werke mit Talbots Kalotypie, um fotografische Vorlagen für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Scott Archer — (1813 1857) est un photographe britannique né à Bishop s Stortford dans le comté d Hertfordshire, inventeur du procédé photographique collodion humide. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Collections 3 Expositions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frederick Scott Archer — (1813 1857) Englischer Bildhauer, Fotograf und Erfinder. Mit der Kollodium Naßplatte, die er 1851 beschrieb, erfand er die erste praktisch brauchbare Fotoplatte aus Glas. Seine Erfindung fand trotz der recht umständlichen Handhabung schnelle… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Archer — (engl. „Bogenschütze“, entspricht dem deutschen Schütze, Schütz und Schütt) und ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Archer (1910–1997), britischer Eishockeyspieler und trainer Amy Archer Gilligan (1869–1928), US amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Archer — An archer is someone who practices archery. Examples of archers can be found at the List of archers article.They were used in ancient and medieval times as part of armies. An archer was equipped with a bow and arrows which they used for long… …   Wikipedia

  • Fred Archer — or Frederick Archer may refer to:* Frederick J. Archer ( Frederick James Archer ), a successful English jockey during the 19th century * Fred Archer (photographer), the co inventor (with Ansel Adams ) of the zone system. (Not to be confused with… …   Wikipedia

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