Arany, János

▪ Hungarian poet
born March 2, 1817, Nagyszalonta, Hung.
died Oct. 22, 1882, Budapest
 the greatest Hungarian epic poet.

      Born of an impecunious farming family, he went to school in Debrecen but abandoned his studies to join for a short time a group of strolling players. Arany made his real advent on the literary scene in 1847 with his popular epic Toldi, which was received with enthusiasm by a public craving for a national literature of quality in a language all could grasp. Sándor Petőfi (Petőfi, Sándor) wrote a poem in its praise, and this was the beginning of a lifelong friendship.

      In 1848 Arany took part in the Hungarian revolution and for a short period edited a government newspaper for peasants. With the crushing of the revolution he took up teaching. In 1858 he was elected a member of the Hungarian Academy. He moved then from Nagykőrös to Pest, where he edited a literary periodical, the Szépirodalmi Figyelő (later the Koszorú), and was elected first secretary and in 1870 secretary-general of the academy.

      Arany's main epic work is the trilogy Toldi (1847), Toldi szerelme (1848–79; “Toldi's Love”), and Toldi estéje (1854; “Toldi's Evening”). Its hero, a youth of great physical strength, is taken from a verse chronicle written by Péter Ilosvai Selymes in the 16th century. Set in the 14th century, the first part of the trilogy relates the adventures of Toldi in reaching the royal court; the second part tells of his tragic love; and the third, of his conflicts with the king and his death. Though only a fragment, another epic poem, Bolond Istók (1850; “Stephen the Fool”), a strange mixture of humour and bitterness, is valuable for Arany's rare moments of self-revelation. Arany started work on a Hun trilogy, connected with Hungarian prehistory, but finished only the first part of it, Buda halála (1864; The Death of King Buda).

      The poems of his two great lyrical periods are fraught with melancholy. The earlier poems, written in the 1850s, are overshadowed by the loss of Petőfi and by Arany's despair for the Hungarian nation and for himself. The Őszikék, his beautiful swan songs, written just before his death, poignantly reflect Arany's sense of unfulfillment and solitude.

      The best edition of Arany's collected works is by Géza Voinovich, 6 vol. (1951–52).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arany János — born March 2, 1817, Nagyszalonta, Hung. died Oct. 22, 1882, Budapest Hungarian epic poet. His main work is the trilogy of Toldi (1847), Toldi szerelme (1848–79), and Toldi estéje (1854). Recounting the adventures of a 14th century youth of great… …   Universalium

  • Arany János — (2 mar. 1817, Nagyszalonta, Hungría–22 oct. 1882, Budapest). Poeta épico húngaro. Su obra principal es la trilogía Toldi (1847), Los amores de Toldi (1848–79) y El ocaso de Toldi (1854). Al recrear las aventuras de un joven del s. XIV, de gran… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • János Arany — (Miklós Barabás). János Arany [ˈjaːnoʃ ˈɒrɒɲ] (* 2. März 1817 in Salonta (ungar. Nagyszalonta), Komitat Bihar, Königreich Ungarn; † 22. Oktober 1882 in Budape …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Janos Arany — János Arany (Miklós Barabás). János Arany [ˈjaːnoʃ ˈɒrɒɲ] (* 2. März 1817 in Salonta (ungar. Nagyszalonta), Komitat Bihar, Königreich Ungarn; † 22. Oktober 1882 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • János Arany — est un poète hongrois né à Salonta le 2 mars 1817 et mort à Budapest le 22 octobre 1882. Il est l auteur d une célèbre trilogie épique, Toldi, publiée en 1846 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arany Szőlő Wellness Apartmanház — (Хевиз,Венгрия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 8380 Хевиз, Arany János u …   Каталог отелей

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