Aquaviva, Claudio

▪ Jesuit leader
Aquaviva also spelled  Acquaviva  
born Sept. 14, 1543, Atri, Kingdom of Naples
died Jan. 31, 1615, Rome

      fifth and youngest general of the Society of Jesus, considered by many to have been the order's greatest leader. The youngest son of the Duke of Atri, he joined the order in 1567. Shortly after completing his studies he was appointed provincial superior of Naples and then of Rome.

      He was elected general in 1581, and his major political achievement occurred at the Jesuits' fifth General Congregation (1593–94). He succeeded in overcoming the efforts of some Spanish Jesuits (Jesuit)—supported at first by King Philip II of Spain—to introduce modifications in the Institute of the Society of Jesus and to obtain a privileged status for the Spanish provinces.

      Aquaviva's rule was marked by the rapid growth of the order from about 5,000 to more than 13,000 members and from 21 to 32 provinces, with the number of colleges reaching 372. His practical legislation strengthened the society and made it more efficient in its numerous foreign missions and colleges. He promoted the use of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius Loyola for the clergy and laymen. He encouraged the order's theologians and spiritual writers to more profound investigation and to publication. He organized the first scholarly writing of the history of the order and the compilation of annual reports of all the provinces (Litterae Annuae).

      In the Constitutions of the order, Ignatius had indicated only in outline the Jesuit system of education. The fourth General Congregation, which had elected Aquaviva general, entrusted him with the task of drawing up a practical code of education for its schools. This work, Ratio atque institutio studiorum (“The Reason and Establishment of Studies”), was first published in 1586, at which time it was distributed to Jesuit schools for criticism and revision. The definitive text (1599) unified Jesuit teaching throughout the world, yet allowed for adaptation to local needs. His work strengthened the order internally and guided its external relations. He successfully furthered the apostolate of the Roman Catholic Church under eight popes, from Gregory XIII to Paul V.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Claudio Aquaviva — Claudio Aquaviva, gelegentlich auch Claudio Acquaviva (* 14. September 1543 in Atri bei Neapel; † 31. Januar 1615 in Rom) war der fünfte General der Societas Jesu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claudio Acquaviva — Claudio Aquaviva, gelegentlich auch Claudio Acquaviva (* 14. September 1543 in Atri bei Neapel; † 31. Januar 1615 in Rom) war der fünfte General der Societas Jesu. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Zitate 3 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aquavīva — Aquavīva, Claudio, geb. 14. Sept. 1543 aus einer neapolitanischen Familie, gest. 31. Jan. 1615 in Rom, wurde 1581 General des Jesuitenordens. Als solcher suchte er dem Orden, den er gewissermaßen neu begründete, nach außen hin Geltung, durch… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aquaviva — Acquaviva ist der Name folgender Gebietskörperschaften: Gemeinden: eine Gemeinde in San Marino, siehe Acquaviva eine Gemeinde in der Provinz Campobasso, siehe Acquaviva Collecroce eine Gemeinde in der Provinz Bari, siehe Acquaviva delle Fonti… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claudio — ist ein männlicher Vorname, die italienische, spanische und portugiesische Form von Claudius. Bekannte Namensträger Claudio Abbado (* 1933), italienischer Dirigent Claudio Achillini (1574–1640), italienischer Philosoph und Theologe Claudio… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claudio — is an Italian first name, derived from Latin Claudius. Claudio is also used in other Latin countries like Portugal and Spain. It may refer to: Claudio Silva, Famous cameraman,who traveled for 20 years filming in USA, Holland, Brasil and… …   Wikipedia

  • Claudio Acquaviva — Claudio Acquaviva, S.J. Claudio Acquaviva (14 September 1543 – 31 January 1615) was an Italian Jesuit priest elected in 1581 the 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus. He is often referred to as the second founder of the Jesuit Order [1].… …   Wikipedia

  • Aquavīva [2] — Aquavīva, neapolitanische Familie, genannt von der Stadt Aquaviva (s.d.); aus derselben wurde Anton von A. zu Anfang des 15. Jahrh. zum Herzog von Atri erhoben. 1) Andrea Matteo A., geb. um 1456, Herzog von Atri u. Teramo, Graf von Conversano,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aquaviva — Aquaviva, altadelige Familie in Neapel, aus der einzelne Glieder hohe kirchliche und militärische Würden begleiteten; der berühmteste A. ist Claudio, geb. 1543, in seinem 37. Jahre zum 5. Ordensgeneral der Jesuiten erwählt (1581). Während seiner… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Claudio Acquaviva — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Acquaviva. Claudio Acquaviva (né le 14 septembre 1543 à Atri, dans la province de Teramo, Abruzzes mort le 31 janvier 1615, Rome) était un Jésuite italien élu en 1581 le cinquième Supérieur… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.