Appleton, Sir Edward Victor

▪ British physicist
born Sept. 6, 1892, Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng.
died April 21, 1965, Edinburgh, Scot.

      British winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1947 for his discovery of the so-called Appleton layer of the ionosphere, which is a dependable reflector of radio waves and as such is useful in communication. Other ionospheric layers reflect radio waves sporadically, depending upon temperature and time of day.

      Educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, Appleton worked at the Cavendish Laboratory from 1920 until he was appointed Wheatstone professor of physics at King's College, University of London, in 1924. There he attained international repute with his research into the propagation of electromagnetic waves and the characteristics of the ionosphere. He showed that radio waves of wavelength sufficiently short to penetrate the lower region of the ionosphere are reflected by an upper region (now known as the Appleton layer, or F2 layer). This discovery made possible more reliable long-range radio communication and aided in the development of radar.

      In 1936 Appleton returned to Cambridge as Jacksonian professor of natural philosophy and in 1939 became secretary of the government's Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, where he worked on radar and the atomic bomb during World War II. He was knighted in 1941 and became principal and vice-chancellor of Edinburgh University in 1949.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Appleton, Sir Edward Victor — SUBJECT AREA: Broadcasting, Telecommunications [br] b. 6 September 1892 Bradford, England d. 21 April 1965 Edinburgh, Scotland [br] English physicist awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the ionospheric layer, named after him …   Biographical history of technology

  • Appleton , Sir Edward Victor — (1892–1965) British physicist Appleton was born in Bradford and studied physics at Cambridge University from 1910 to 1913. During World War I, while he was serving in the Royal Engineers, he developed the interest in radio that was to influence… …   Scientists

  • Appleton, Sir Edward Victor — ► (1892 1965) Físico británico. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1947 por sus trabajos sobre la ionosfera …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sir Edward Victor Appleton — noun English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892 1966) • Syn: ↑Appleton, ↑Edward Appleton • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Edward Victor Appleton — Sir Edward Victor Appleton (* 6. September 1892 in Bradford; † 21. April 1965 in Edinburgh) war ein englischer Physiker. Nachdem Appleton vom aktiven Dienst aus dem Ersten Weltkrieg zurückgekehrt war, wurde er 1920 Assistent für Ex …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Victor Appleton — Sir Edward Victor Appleton, físico inglés, nacido el 6 de septiembre de 1892 en Bradford, fallecido el 21 de de abril de 1965. Después de volver del servicio activo en la Primera Guerra Mundial, ingresó al laboratorio de Cavendish (1920) como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Victor Appleton — Infobox Scientist name = Sir Edward Appleton imagesize = 120px caption = Edward Victor Appleton in army uniform, taken in World War I. birth date = birth date|1892|9|6 birth place = Bradford, West Yorkshire, England death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Victor Appleton — Retrato de 1947. Sir Edward Victor Appleton, GBE, KCB(Bradford, 6 de septiembre de 1892 Edimburgo, 21 de abril de 1965), físico inglés, premio Nobel de física en 1947. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Physiknobelpreis 1947: Edward Victor Appleton —   Der Engländer wurde für seine Untersuchungen zur Physik der oberen Atmosphäre, insbesondere für die Entdeckung der so genannten Appletonschicht geehrt.    Biografie   Sir (seit 1941) Edward Victor Appleton, * Bradford 6. 9. 1892, ✝ Edinburgh 21 …   Universal-Lexikon

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