Apalachee

people
      tribe of North American Indians who spoke a Muskogean language and inhabited the area in northwestern Florida between the Aucilla and Apalachicola rivers above Apalachee Bay. In the 16th century the Spanish explorers Pánfilo de Narváez (in 1528) and Hernando de Soto (in 1539) led expeditions to Apalachee territory.

      Traditionally, the tribe was divided into clans that traced descent through the maternal line; chieftainship and office were hereditary, probably in the lineage within the clan. An agricultural people who cultivated corn (maize) and squash, the Apalachee were also noted warriors. They were ultimately subdued about 1600 and missionized by Spanish Franciscans. They continued to prosper (in 1655, 6,000–8,000 Apalachee occupied eight towns, each with a Franciscan mission) until early in the 18th century when Creek (q.v.) tribes to the north, incited by the British, began a series of raids on Apalachee settlements. These attacks culminated in 1703 when an army made up of a few hundred Englishmen and several thousand Creek warriors defeated the combined Spanish and Apalachee. The tribe was almost totally destroyed, and 1,400 Apalachee were removed to Carolina where some of them merged with the Creek. The remnants of the Florida tribe sought the protection of the French at Mobile and in Louisiana.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Apalachee — The Apalachee are an Indian tribe that lived in Apalachee Province, Florida, until the tribe was largely destroyed and dispersed in the 18th century. They lived between the Aucilla River and Ochlockonee River, at the head of Apalachee Bay and… …   Wikipedia

  • Apalachee — Die Apalachee sind ein Stamm amerikanischer Ureinwohner, die bis zu ihrer weitgehenden Auslöschung im 18. Jahrhundert in der Apalachee Region im heutigen Bundesstaat Florida im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten lebten. Sie siedelten zwischen dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apalachee — Cet article concerne la langue apalachee. Pour le peuple apalachee, voir Apalaches. Apalachee Parlée aux   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Apalachee — ISO 639 3 Code : xap ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • apalachee — ap·a·lach·ee …   English syllables

  • apalachee — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Apalachee Province — was the area populated by the group of Native American peoples known as the Apalachee located in what is now Leon County, Wakulla County and Jefferson County, Florida, USA.HistoryAround 12,000 years ago, bands of native Americans roamed the… …   Wikipedia

  • Apalachee Bay — is an arm of the Gulf of Mexico occupying an indentation of the Florida coast to the west of where the Florida peninsula joins the United States mainland. coord|30|04|42|N|84|01|57|W|region:US type:landmark It is bordered by Taylor, Jefferson,… …   Wikipedia

  • Apalachee Bay — [ap΄ə lach′ē] [< AmInd (? Choctaw) tribal name] inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, on the NW coast of Florida …   English World dictionary

  • Apalachee region — The Apalachee region is a distinct historical and geographical area using part the same boundaries as the Apalachee Province being bounded on the east by the Aucilla River, on the west by the Ochlockonee River, by the state line to the north and… …   Wikipedia

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