Ansky, S.

▪ Russian writer
Ansky also spelled  An-ski,  pseudonym of  Solomon Zanvel Rappoport 
born 1863, Vitebsk, Russia [now in Belarus]
died Nov. 8, 1920, Warsaw, Poland

      Russian Jewish writer and folklorist best known for his play The Dybbuk.

      Ansky was educated in a Ḥasidic environment and as a young man was attracted to the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskala) and to the populist doctrines of the Narodniki (Narodnik), a group of socialist revolutionaries. For a time he worked among the peasants and contributed articles to the Narodnik journal. His first novel, written in Yiddish, was published in 1884.

      Compelled to leave Russia in 1892, he settled in Paris. Working as a factory hand, Ansky studied French folklore and socialist doctrine and became secretary to the revolutionary émigré Pyotr Lavrov. He also wrote articles and popular poems, many of them for the Jewish Workers' Party, the Bund. In 1905 he was permitted to return to St. Petersburg. He joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party, ideological heir of the Narodniki, and continued to write articles, folktales, and short stories on Jewish life.

      In 1911 Ansky organized a large-scale ethnographic expedition to gather Jewish folklore, songs, melodies, manuscripts, and books. His fieldwork was interrupted by the outbreak of World War I, during which he did relief work and wrote about the destruction of the Jewish communities in Poland, Galicia, and Bukovina. Also during this period he produced his most famous work, the classic Yiddish drama Der Dibek (written 1914, first performed 1920; The Dybbuk). The play, which drew on Jewish mystical folklore, was widely translated and performed, most notably in the celebrated Moscow production of the Hebrew company Habima. It was also set to music and was filmed in Yiddish and Hebrew.

      After the Russian Revolution Ansky was elected to the All-Russia Constituent Assembly, but in 1918 he left for Vilna. The following year he settled near Warsaw and devoted himself to preparing his collected works and to organizing a Jewish ethnographic society. His Yiddish works, in 15 volumes, were published between 1920 and 1925.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ansky — n. family name …   English contemporary dictionary

  • S. Ansky — Shloyme Zanvl Rappoport (1863, Vitebsk ndash;1920, Otwock), better known by the pseudonym S. Ansky (or An ski), was a scholar who documented Jewish folklore and mystical beliefs. He was born in Vitebsk, Belarus, then Russia, but travelled around… …   Wikipedia

  • Israeli cuisine — Classic Israeli breakfast Israeli cuisine (המטבח הישראלי) comprises local dishes by Jews native to Israel and dishes brought to Israel by Jewish immigrants from around the world. Since before the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, and… …   Wikipedia

  • The Dybbuk — For other uses, see Dybbuk (disambiguation). Hanna Rovina as Leah le in The Dybbuk, ca. 1920 The Dybbuk, or Between Two Worlds (Yid. דער דיבוק אָדער צווישן צוויי וועלטן, Der dibuk oder tsvishn tsvey veltn) is a 1914 play by S. Ansky,… …   Wikipedia

  • The Dybbuk (play) — The Dybbuk , or Between Two Worlds (Yid. דער דיבוק אדער צווישן צוויי וועלטן) is a 1914 play by S. Ansky, relating the story of a young bride possessed by a dybbuk mdash; a malicious possessing spirit, believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead… …   Wikipedia

  • Yiddish literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Yiddish language of Ashkenazic (Ashkenazi) Jewry (central and eastern European Jews and their descendants).       Yiddish literature culminated in the period from 1864 to 1939, inspired …   Universalium

  • Vilna Troupe — The Vilna Troupe (Lithuanian: Vilniaus trupė; Romanian: Trupa din Vilna), also known as Fareyn Fun Yiddishe Dramatishe Artistn (Federation of Yiddish Dramatic Actors)[1][2] and later Dramă şi Comedie was an international and mostly Yiddish… …   Wikipedia

  • Dybbuk (ballet) — This article is about Robbins 1974 ballet. For Robbins 1980 version, see Suite of Dances (from “Dybbuk Variations”). Dybbuk is a ballet made by New York City Ballet balletmaster Jerome Robbins to Leonard Bernstein s eponymous music and taking S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Shalom Anski — en 1910 Shloyme Zanvl Rappoport (1863, Vitebsk, Biélorussie – 1920, Otwock, Pologne), connu sous le pseudonyme de Sh. Anski et le prénom posthume de Shalom (quelquefois transcrit par « Salomon / Shlomo » « An ski /Ansky »),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 2666 (novela) — Ciudad Juárez, ciudad que se ha identificado con la localidad ficticia de Santa Teresa, donde transcurre gran parte de la trama de 2666 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.