Amasis

▪ king of Egypt
also called  Ahmose II 
flourished 6th century BCE

      king (reigned 570–526 BCE) of the 26th dynasty (664–525 BCE; see ] (Egypt, ancient)) of ancient Egypt, a general who seized the throne during a revolt against King Apries. The account of the 5th-century-BCE Greek historian (ancient Greek civilization) Herodotus reveals Amasis as a shrewd and opportunistic ruler who, while promoting Greek trade with Egypt, strictly regulated it.

      In 570, after Apries's unsuccessful campaign against Cyrene (in modern Libya), the Egyptian troops mutinied, and, when Amasis was sent to pacify them, the mutineers proclaimed him king. In the ensuing civil war the Egyptians under his command defeated an invasion by Apries, who was supported by the Babylonian king Nebuchadrezzar II. Amasis killed Apries in battle but later gave him a royal burial.

      Amasis then turned to diplomacy, securing an alliance with Cyrene by marrying a woman of that country and also seeking alliances in Greece. Herodotus tells of his friendship with Polycrates, tyrant of Samos, and also mentions his donation toward rebuilding the temple at Delphi. Nonetheless, to regulate Greek influence in Egypt he confined merchants to the city of Naukratis in the Nile River delta, southwest of his own capital. His reign was a time of great prosperity in Egypt.

      Perhaps employing the fleet of his friend Polycrates, Amasis reputedly subdued Cyprus, exacting tribute from it. Herodotus states that Amasis allied himself with Croesus when the Lydian (Lydia) king was seeking assistance against Persia. Yet Persian power grew rapidly, and Amasis died only about six months before the invasion of Egypt by Cambyses II.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amasis — ist der Name eines griechischen Töpfers, siehe Amasis (Töpfer) eines nach dem Töpfer mit einem Notnamen benannter Vasenmaler, siehe Amasis Maler eines ägyptischen Pharaos, siehe Amasis (Pharao) eines Asteroiden des Hauptgürtels, siehe (4161)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AMASIS II — ex gregario milite, Aprie ut Herodot. Pardamide, ut Athen. l. 15. Rege occisô, Rex Aegypti celebris. Turbatis enim Babyloniorum, sub quorum fide a Nabuchodonosori rempore Aegypti Reges fuerant, rebus et inclinatâ corum fortunâ, Aegyptus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Amasis — Amasis,   ägyptisch Ahmose [ax ], ägyptischer König (570 526 v. Chr.) der 26. Dynastie. Sein Name wird nach Herodot zur Unterscheidung von Amosis, der ägyptisch auch Ahmose heißt, als Amasis wiedergegeben. Von Apries zur Niederwerfung eines… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Amāsis — Amāsis, 1) A. I., König von Ägypten, aus der Sagenzeit; 2) A. II. wurde 570 v. Chr. nach einer Niederlage der Ägyptier durch Kyrenäer an der Stelle des Apries von dem Heere zum König von Ägypten gewählt; er war ein Freund der Griechen, nahm… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amásis — (Amosis, ägypt. Ahmose), 1) König von Ägypten um 1575 v. Chr., residierte in Theben, entriß den Hyksos das untere Ägypten wieder, eroberte ihre letzte Feste Avaris und stellte die Macht des Reiches her. 2) König von Ägypten 569–526 v. Chr.,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — Amāsis, s. Amosis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — Amasis, vorletzter König von Aegypten, s. Aegypten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — (568 526 av. J. C.) cinquième pharaon de la XXVIe dynastie égyptienne. Il détrôna Apriès après la bataille de Momemphis. Il entreprit de vastes réformes sociales et rétablit la maîtrise maritime de l égypte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • AMASIS I — qui et Ammosis vel Amos Pharao, Aegypti Rex, A. M. 2312. Euseb. Vide infra Amosis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • AMASIS — inferioris Aegypti Rex X. post Amenemem: regnavit ann. I. successore Acesephthre, quem vide …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Amasis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ahmès et Amasis (homonymie). Articles de la série Pharaon Classements …   Wikipédia en Français

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