almendro

tree
(Dipteryx panamensis) 

      tree of the Central American tropical forest canopy whose trunk forks repeatedly, resulting in a graceful, rounded crown. Bunches of flowers are produced at the end of the tree's branches after the onset of the rainy season, so that, within a month or two, the forest canopy is speckled with the purple crowns of flowering almendro. The very dense, hard wood is covered by smooth, pinkish to golden bark. The fruit, weighing 18–26 grams (0.63–0.92 ounces), contains a single seed encased in a thick, wooden pod covered by a thin layer of sweet, green pulp. In a good year, trees can produce 20 or more fruits per square metre of crown. Individual trees tend to alternate good and poor years.

      In Panama, almendro fruit ripens between December and April, alleviating the most prolonged and severe fruit shortage of the year. When a fruit crop ripens, numerous arboreal animals converge on the almendro; while on the ground, other animals seek out fruits that have fallen to the forest floor. Most of these animals simply eat the sweet pulp covering the fruit, but peccaries (peccary) and rodents gnaw through the wooden casing to reach the seed inside.

      Almendro fruit must be carried far from its parent tree and buried to have any chance of growing into a mature tree. Two animals play separate roles to accomplish this. A fruit bat (Artibeus lituratus) disperses the fruits by carrying them to feeding roosts far from the parent tree, where they chew off the pulp and drop the seeds. Agoutis (agouti) then carry off and bury some of the seeds. Most of these buried seeds are dug up and eaten later, but in a year of abundant fruit some will sprout and grow. (See rainforest ecosystem sidebar, “.”)

      The almendro is a member of the pea family (Fabaceae).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • almendro — árbol del género de las Rosaceas, de cuyos frutos, las almendras se extrae un aceite muy utilizado por sus propiedades emolientes en cosmética y dermofarmacia dibujo de herbario [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/a/al.htm#almendro] monografía [véase …   Diccionario médico

  • almendro — m. Árbol de la familia de las Rosáceas, de raíz profunda, tronco de siete a ocho metros de altura, madera dura, hojas oblongas y aserradas, flores blancas o rosadas, y cuyo fruto es la almendra. Florece muy temprano. Su corteza destila una goma… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • almendro — sustantivo masculino 1. Árbol rosáceo de flores rosadas o blancas cuyo fruto es la almendra …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • almendro — ► sustantivo masculino BOTÁNICA Árbol frutal rosáceo, originario de África, de cultivo habitual en toda la cuenca mediterránea. (Prunus amygdalus.) * * * almendro (Prunus amygdalus) m. Árbol rosáceo que produce las almendras. Almendro amargo. El… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • almendro — {{#}}{{LM A01805}}{{〓}} {{[}}almendro{{]}} ‹al·men·dro› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Árbol de hasta ocho metros de altura, de madera muy dura, flores blancas o rosáceas, y cuyo fruto es la almendra: • Los almendros florecen en enero o febrero.{{○}}… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • almendro — s m 1 (Terminalia catappa) Árbol de la familia de las combretáceas que llega a medir hasta 20 m de altura, tiene las ramas extendidas, hojas abovadas de 15 a 30 cm de largo y flores en espigas axilares; su fruto es una drupa leñosa de unos 5 cm… …   Español en México

  • Almendro — Andira (CR) Buchenavia (C); Dipteryx (P,C); Terminalia (S) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • almendro — Sinónimos: ■ almendral, almendrero, allozo …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • almendro — al·men·dro …   English syllables

  • almendro — alˈmen(ˌ)drō, äl noun ( s) Etymology: American Spanish, from Spanish almond tree, modification of (assumed) Vulgar Latin amyndulus, alteration of Late Latin amygdalus, from Greek amygdalos, from amygdalē almond : malabar almond …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.