Allon, Yigal

▪ Israeli politician
original name  Yigal Paicovitch  
born October 10, 1918, Kefar Tavor, Palestine [now in Israel]
died February 29, 1980, ʿAfula, Israel

      Israeli soldier and politician who was best known as the architect of the Allon Plan, a peace initiative that he formulated after Israel captured Arab territory in the Six-Day War of June 1967.

      Allon was one of the first commanders of the Palmach, an elite branch of the Haganah, a Zionist military organization representing the majority of the Jews in Palestine after World War I. He was involved in smuggling European Jews into Palestine in defiance of restrictions placed on immigration by Great Britain, the region's mandatory power during the period between the world wars. During World War II he fought as a volunteer alongside British soldiers against the Vichy French in Lebanon and Syria. After Israel proclaimed independence on May 15, 1948, the Haganah became the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), and Allon's initial reluctance to place the Palmach under IDF command earned him the enmity of David Ben-Gurion (Ben-Gurion, David), the first prime minister of Israel. As a commander of the Palmach, Allon fought major battles against the Arabs on various fronts during the first Arab-Israeli War (Arab-Israeli wars). Pursuing Egyptian forces from the Negev into Sinai, he captured many prisoners of war, including Egypt's future president, Gamal Abdel Nasser (Nasser, Gamal Abdel), then a junior officer.

      Allon entered politics in 1955 when he was elected to the Israeli Knesset (parliament) as representative of Aḥdut ha-ʿAvoda–Poʿale Tziyyon (“Unity of Labour–Workers of Zion”). He held important portfolios in the cabinets of Ben-Gurion, Levi Eshkol (Eshkol, Levi), and Golda Meir (Meir, Golda) and served briefly as acting prime minister in 1969. Following the 1967 war, as deputy prime minister, he developed a peace plan that proposed restoring most of the West Bank territory to Jordan while retaining military settlements along the Jordan River. The plan was never adopted but spurred the growth of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories in subsequent decades. His unexpected death occurred while he was being considered for the leadership of the Israel Labour Party.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allon, Yigal — (formerly Paicovitch) (1918 80)    Born at Kfar Tabor (Mesha) in lower Galilee on 10 October 1918, he was educated at local schools, graduating in 1937 from the Kadourie Agricultural School. He later studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Allon, Yigal — (1918 80)    Israeli statesman and soldier. Born at Kefar Tavor in Lower Galilee, he served in the Haganah and was a founder and commander of the Palmah In 1954 he was elected to the Knesset and served as minister of labour, 1961 8. After 1969 he …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Allon, Yigal — ► (1918 80) Político israelí. Fue ministro de Trabajo en 1961 67, Absorción de Inmigrantes en 1967 69, Educación y Cultura en 1969 74. Autor de La formación del ejército de Israel (1970) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Allon — Allon, Yigal …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Yigal Allon — MKs Date of birth = Birth date|1918|10|10 Place of birth = Kfar Tavor, Mandate Palestine Year of Aliyah = Date of death = Death date and age|1980|02|29|1918|10|10 Knesset(s) = 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th Party = Alignment Former parties =… …   Wikipedia

  • ALLON (Paicovitch), YIGAL — (1918–1980), Israeli statesman and military commander; member of the Third to Ninth Knessets. Allon was born in Mesha, which later changed its name to kefar tavor , in the Lower Galilee. His father, Reuven Yosef Paicovitch, a member of Hovevei… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Allon — (אלון) is a Hebrew language word meaning oak tree , which may refer to:*Yigal Allon, an Israeli politician. *Allon Road, named after Yigal Allon. *Allon an Israeli settlement east of Jerusalem, also named after Yigal Allon.It may also have… …   Wikipedia

  • Yigal Allon — Yitzhak Sadeh (à gauche) et Yigal Allon (à droite) en 1948 Yigal Allon (en hébreu : יגאל אלון) Né à Kfar Tabor le 10 octobre 1918, mort le 29 février 1980 à Afula. Général et homme politique israélien de l Akhdout Ha avoda, puis du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yigal Allon — Jigal Allon Jigal Allon (hebräisch ‏יגאל אלון‎, * 10. Oktober 1918 in Kfar Tabor, Galiläa; † 29. Februar 1980 in Afula) war ein israelischer Politiker der Arbeitspartei. Er war von 1974 1977 der vierte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allon (Paicovitch), Yigal — (1918–80)    Israel military commander and political leader. Allon, like Dayan, was one of the new sabra breed of Israel leaders that emerged out of the agricultural settlements and the Haganah. He was born in Kfar Tavor, a small farm village in… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

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