Alkan, Valentin

▪ French pianist and composer
in full  Charles-Henri-Valentin Alkan , original name  Charles-Henri-Valentin Morhange 
born Nov. 30, 1813, Paris, France
died March 29, 1888, Paris

      French pianist-composer, a notable keyboard virtuoso, and one of the most enigmatic figures in 19th-century music.

      Alkan was born to Jewish parents, and all of his siblings (five brothers and a sister) were musicians who assumed the surname Alkan. Valentin drew notice at age seven, when he won the first of many first prizes at the Paris Conservatory, and by 17 he had established a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. As a young man he moved in a circle of friends that included George Sand (Sand, George), Victor Hugo (Hugo, Victor), Frédéric Chopin (Chopin, Frédéric), and Franz Liszt (Liszt, Franz), but for long periods of time beginning in his 20s he withdrew from society and concert performance and devoted himself to composing music. His music, difficult and often unorthodox, displays considerable ingenuity and imagination in advancing the possibilities of keyboard technique; in this respect Ferruccio Busoni (Busoni, Ferruccio), an Italian composer and pianist, considered him to be excelled only by Liszt and Johannes Brahms (Brahms, Johannes). Alkan himself felt that he was overshadowed by Liszt. In his rare concert appearances he preferred to play the works of 18th-century composers (then out of fashion), rather than his own compositions. His numerous works (many composed for the distinctive pedal piano) include preludes and studies in all the major and minor keys; 12 pieces, Les Mois (1872; “The Months”); Grande sonate: les quatre âges (1848; “The Four Ages”); and 2 piano concerti. César Franck (Franck, César) transcribed several of Alkan's pieces for organ.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ALKAN (real name Morhange), CHARLES HENRI-VALENTIN — (1813–1888), French pianist and composer. The son of a school director, Alkan, a child prodigy, became a concert pianist but retired in 1839. He spent the rest of his life almost in seclusion, teaching, composing, and studying literature,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alkan (Name) — Alkan ist ein türkischer[1] überwiegend männlicher Vorname[2] mit der Bedeutung „blutrot“ (aus al , türk. „blutfarben“, rot, scharlachrot, und kan , türk. „Blut“). Der Name kommt auch – nicht nur im türkischen Sprachraum – als Familienname vor.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alkan — is a surname and may refer to:* Alkan Çağlar (born 1981), Cypriot journalist and columnist * Charles Valentin Alkan (1813 – 1888), French composer known for his virtuosity. * Erol Alkan, British DJ * Siegfried Alkan (1858 – 1941), German composer …   Wikipedia

  • ALKAN — CHARLES VALENTIN MORHANGE dit (1813 1888) Figure majeure du piano en France à l’époque romantique, Alkan souffre de la notoriété de Chopin et de Liszt: elle l’éclipsera jusqu’à la redécouverte de son œuvre à la fin des années 1980. Né à Paris… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alkan — bezeichnet: Alkan (Name), einen Familiennamen und türkischen Vornamen, siehe dort auch Namensträger eine beliebige chemische Verbindung aus der Gruppe der Alkane in der organischen Chemie Alkan Air, kanadische Fluggesellschaft Charles Valentin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alkan — Pour le compositeur, voir Charles Valentin Alkan Un alkan est un composant chimique sous la forme de CnH2n2+. Liens internes Alcane Portail de la chimie Ce document provient de « Alkan » …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alkan — (spr. āng), Charles Valentin Morhange, franz. Klavierspieler und Komponist, geb. 30. Nov. 1813 in Paris, gest. daselbst 29. März 1883, Schüler Zimmermanns und Dourlens am Konservatorium, lebte als angesehener Pianist und Lehrer in Paris. Von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alkan (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Alkan peut désigner : un nom de famille un nom de famille ou un prénom masculin d origine turque, signifiant sang rouge (al = rouge + kan = sang).… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alkan, Charles Henri-Valentin — (1813 88)    French pianist and composer. Born in Paris, he studied at the Paris Conservatoire. A friend of Chopin, George Sand and Liszt, he became a recluse, devoting himself to religious studies and compositions. His works include: Storm at… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan — (* 30. November 1813 in Paris; † 29. März 1888 ebenda; auch Charles Valentin Alkan aîné, eigentlich Charles Valentin Morhange) war ein französischer Komponist und Klaviervirtuose. Sein umfangreiches, auf das Klavier konzentriertes Werk wurzelt in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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