Alcázar de San Juan

      town, Ciudad Real provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile-La Mancha (Castile–La Mancha), central Spain. It lies on the high southern Meseta Central at 2,135 feet (650 metres) above sea level. Known to the Romans as Alces, the town was renamed al-Qaṣr (“the Palace,” or “the Castle”) by the Arabs. It was conquered by the Knights of St. John (Spanish: San Juan) of Jerusalem (the Hospitalers) in 1186 and captured from them by King Sancho IV of Castile in 1292; the town was the centre of the Order of Saint John in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. Historic landmarks include the 14th-century tower of Don Juan of Austria, the Santa María Church on the site of a pre-Christian temple of Hercules, and the municipal archaeological museum, containing Roman mosaics from the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The town processes wheat, olives, wines, and cheeses, especially a cheese made from sheep's milk. Industry includes soap factories, railway works, ironworks, and leather manufacture. Pop. (2007 est.) mun., 29,693.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alcázar de San Juan — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alcazar de San Juan — Alcázar de San Juan Alcázar de San Juan Mairie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alcázar de San Juan — Mairie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alcázar de San Juan — es un municipio de España, ubicado en el Nor Este de la provincia de Ciudad Real, Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla La Mancha. Está situada a 150 km al sur de Madrid y a 10 km del límite con la provincia de Toledo. En 1995 contaba con 26.652… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alcázar de San Juan —   [al kaθar ȓe saȖ xu̯an], Stadt in der Provinz Ciudad Real (Region Kastilien La Mancha), Spanien, 26 500 Einwohner,   Wirtschaft:   Weinhandelszentrum im Mittelpunkt der Mancha, Eisenbahnwerkstätten.   Stadtbild:   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alcāzar de San Juan — (spr. chhuān), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Ciudad Real, Knotenpunkt an der Eisenbahn Madrid Alicante, mit (1897) 10,675 Einw., die Schokoladen , Seifen , Salpeter und Pulverfabrikation betreiben …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alcázar de San Juan — (spr. kahßar, chuān), Stadt in der span. Prov. Ciudad Real, (1897) 10.675 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alcázar de San Juan — Spanish city spanish name = Alcázar de San Juan native name = Alcázar de San Juan image flag size = 140px image coat of arms = CoA Alcazar de San Juan.png image coat of arms size = 125px image city image city map size = image city map caption =… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcázar de San Juan — Gemeinde Alcázar de San Juan Windmühlen auf dem Campo de Criptana Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alcazar de San Juan — Original name in latin Alczar de San Juan Name in other language Al kasar de San Khuan, Alcaraz de San Juan, Alcazar, Alczar, a er ka sa er de sheng hu an, alkzar dy san khwan, Алькасар де Сан Хуан State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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