Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir

▪ Malaysian author
also called  Munshi Abdullah Bin Abdul Kadir  
born 1796, Malacca, Malaya
died 1854, Jiddah, Turkish Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]

      Malayan-born writer who, through his autobiographical and other works, played an important role as a progenitor of modern Malay literature.

      Of mixed Arab (Yemeni) and Tamil descent, and Malayo-Muslim culture, Abdullah was born and grew up in a Malacca newly British, and he spent most of his life interpreting Malay society to Westerners and vice versa. Styled munshi (teacher) from an early age, in recognition of his teaching Malay to Indian soldiers of the Malacca garrison (and later to a whole generation of British and American missionaries, officials, and businessmen), he rapidly became an indispensable functionary in the fledgling Straits Settlements. He was copyist and Malay scribe for Sir Stamford Raffles (Raffles, Sir Stamford), was translator of the Gospels and other texts into Malay for the London Missionary Society in Malacca from 1815, and 20 years later served as printer to the press of the American Board of Missions in Singapore.

      An American missionary, Alfred North, seems to have encouraged Abdullah in 1837, on the strength of a lively account published in that year of North's experiences on a voyage up the east coast of Malaya, to embark on the story of his life. Completed in 1843, under the title Hikayat Abdullah (“Abdullah's Story”), it was first published in 1849; it has been reprinted many times and translated into English and other languages. Its chief distinction—beyond the vivid picture it gives of his life and times—was the radical departure it marked in Malay literary style. In contrast to the largely court literature of the past, the Hikayat Abdullah provided a lively and colloquial descriptive account of events and people with a freshness and immediacy hitherto unknown. Abdullah's criticisms of his own society, and his eagerness to embrace standards set by the West (though he remained a staunch Muslim), have caused him to be treated with some caution by a more recent generation of nationalists, but he continues to be widely acknowledged as the father of modern Malay literature.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir — A page of the Hikayat Abdullah written in Malay in the Jawi script, from the collection of the National Library of Singapore. A rare first edition, it was written between 1840 and 1843, printed by lithography, and published in 1849 …   Wikipedia

  • Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir — Une page du Hikayat Abdullah Nom de naissance Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir — Seite der Hikayat Abdullah Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir, auch bekannt als Munshi Abdullah, (* 1795 in Malakka im heutigen Malaysia; † 1852 in Dschidda, Saudi Arabien) war ein malaysischer Gelehrter. Er ist arabischer und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir — Hikayat Abdullah 1849. Munshi Abdullah Bin Abdul Kadir (Malacca,Malasia, 1796 Jiddah, Arabia Saudí, 1854) escritor malayo de áscendencia hindú. Ardiente crítico de la política de Kerajaan, Munshi Abdullah siguió los pasos de su padre y se hizo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abdullah ibn Abdul Kadir — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Obtenido de Abdullah ibn Abdul Kadir …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abdul Kadir — is the name of:* Abdul Kadir (cricketer) (1944 2002), Pakistani cricketer * Abdul Kadir (cricketer, fl. 1954), another Pakistani first class cricketer * Abdul Kadir (poet) (1906 1984), Bangladeshi poet * Abdul Kadir (politician), Guyanese… …   Wikipedia

  • Abdullah (name) — Abdullah Pronunciation Arabic: [ʕabˈdɑllɑ], [ʕabdullaː] Egyptian Arabic: [ʕɑbˈdɑllɑ], [ʕæbˈdellæ] Turkish: [abduɫˈɫɑ] Gender Male …   Wikipedia

  • Abdul Qadir — For other uses, see Abdul Qadir (disambiguation). Abdul Qadir Gender Male Language(s) Arabic Origin Meaning Servant of (the Powerful) Allah Abdul Qadir (Arabic …   Wikipedia

  • ‘Abdullah (name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Abdullah imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = servant of God region = origin = related names = Abdullah, Abd Allah, Abdallah, and Abdalla footnotes = ‘Abdullāh ( ar. عبد الله servant of God …   Wikipedia

  • Abdul Aziz — For other uses, see Abdul Aziz (disambiguation). Abdul Aziz Gender Male Language(s) Arabic Origin Meaning Servant of (the Almighty) Allah Abdul Aziz (Arabic …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.