Abaoji

▪ emperor of Liao dynasty
Wade-Giles romanization  A-pao-chi , original name  Yelü Yi , posthumous dynastic name (shi)  Liao Taizu 
born 872
died 926, China

      leader of the nomadic Mongol-speaking Khitan tribes who occupied the northern border of China.

      Elected to a three-year term as great khan of the Khitans, Abaoji refused to resign at the end of his term but made himself king of the Khitan nation. After the collapse in 907 of Tang (Tang dynasty) rule in China, Abaoji made himself emperor and by 916 had set up a Chinese-style dynasty, with his son as heir apparent. He organized his followers into fighting units known as ordos (similar to what Westerners later called a horde) and then joined 12 ordos into an administrative district.

      In 926, in return for aiding the founder of the Hou (Later) Jin dynasty (936–946/947) in the Jin ruler's conquest of North China, Abaoji was given the northeast corner of what is now Hebei province, an area inside the Great Wall encompassing the present site of Beijing. After the death of Abaoji, the Khitans began to take on further Chinese mannerisms, and in 947 they proclaimed the Liao dynasty (907–1125), naming Abaoji as their dynastic founder with the posthumous title of Taizu (“Grand Progenitor”).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abaoji — Yelü Abaoji Yelü Abaoji (872 926) de la dynastie Liao est le premier empereur de l empire du Khitan (907 926). De 907 à 926, le chef Abaoji (A pao ki) parvient à unifier les tribus Khitan et fonde la dynastie Liao. En 924, il chasse les Kirghizes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abaoji — Liao Taizu oder auch Abaoji (chin. 耶律阿保機, Yēlǜ Ābǎojī; * 872; † 926) war ein Häuptling des Yilastammes innerhalb des Volkes der Kitan, die im Nordosten der heutigen Inneren Mongolei lebten. Er war ein Förderer der Sinisierung seines Stammes und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yelu Abaoji — Yelü Abaoji Yelü Abaoji (872 926) de la dynastie Liao est le premier empereur de l empire du Khitan (907 926). De 907 à 926, le chef Abaoji (A pao ki) parvient à unifier les tribus Khitan et fonde la dynastie Liao. En 924, il chasse les Kirghizes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yelü Abaoji — (872 926) de la dynastie Liao est le premier empereur de l empire du Khitan (907 926). De 907 à 926, le chef Abaoji (A pao ki) parvient à unifier les tribus Khitan et fonde la dynastie Liao. En 924, il chasse les Kirghizes de haute Mongolie.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liao Dynasty — Khitan leaders also apparently made the observation that to become sedentary themselves would mean that they would have to compete with the Chinese on their termsFacts|date=September 2007, something in which the Khitan would have no hope of… …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taizu of Liao — Taizu of the Liao Dynasty was emperor of the Khitan Empire (907 926). His given name was Abaoji (阿保機). Some sources also suggest that the surname Yelü (耶律} was adopted during his lifetime, though there is no unanimity on this point.He was born in …   Wikipedia

  • Dinastía Liao — 遼 Dinastia Liao ← …   Wikipedia Español

  • History of the Khitans — Infobox Former Country native name = 契丹 / 遼 conventional long name = Khitan / Liao common name = Khitan, Liao Dynasty, Kara Khitan Khanate | continent = moved from Category:Asia to East Asia region = East Asia country = China, Mongolia era1 = 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Taizu (Liao) — Yelü Abaoji Yelü Abaoji (872 926) de la dynastie Liao est le premier empereur de l empire du Khitan (907 926). De 907 à 926, le chef Abaoji (A pao ki) parvient à unifier les tribus Khitan et fonde la dynastie Liao. En 924, il chasse les Kirghizes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prince Bei — Prince Bei, fully Yelü Bei ( zh. 耶律倍), officially Emperor Yizong of Liao (Simplified: 辽义宗, Traditional: 遼義宗), was the eldest son of Abaoji, the founder of the Liao Dynasty. He was declared successor to the first emperor of the Liao Empire in 916 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.