Zyuganov, Gennady Andreyevich

▪ 1997

      Of the independent nations that emerged after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia had appeared to be among the most eager to embrace the free market. For many, however, the promises of a capitalist society never materialized. Economic power remained concentrated in the hands of a few, violent crime increased, and ethnic groups throughout Russia embarked on campaigns, sometimes violent, to win autonomy or independence. Many in Russia longed for a return to the days of communism, when a strong central regime guaranteed personal and economic security. In the 1995 parliamentary elections, the newly revitalized Communist Party of the Russian Federation made a strong showing, and its leader, Gennady Zyuganov, emerged as a serious challenger to Pres. Boris Yeltsin.

      Zyuganov was born on June 26, 1944, in Mymrino, a farming village in Oryol oblast, south of Moscow. His parents were schoolteachers, and Zyuganov followed in their footsteps after graduating from the state teacher-training school. He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in the early 1960s while stationed in East Germany with the army. He rose through the ranks of the CPSU in Oryol oblast, becoming the head of the Komsomol and the regional chief for ideology and propaganda. In 1983 he was given a high-level position in Moscow in the CPSU propaganda department, a hotbed of opposition to reform. He emerged as a leading critic of Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts at reform and wrote several influential papers in the early 1990s attacking Gorbachev and calling for a return to the authoritarian ways of the preglasnost era.

      Zyuganov entered the 1996 presidential election as the standard-bearer of the Russian Communist Party. He attacked the infiltration of Western ideals into Russian society and portrayed Russia as a natural empire that had been dismantled from within by traitors and from without by capitalists who sought the dissolution of Russia's authority in order to exploit its resources. These themes were central to his book Derzhava (1994; "Great Power").

      In the election on June 16, Zyuganov finished second, with 32% of the vote, trailing only Yeltsin, who captured 35%. Zyuganov prepared for the July 3 runoff election with confidence. He ran a campaign focusing on the president's ill health and pledged to return Russia to its days of glory. Yeltsin, however, gained most from the elimination of the many smaller parties and the support of Aleksandr Lebed (q.v.) and won the two-man showdown comfortably. Political observers suggested that Zyuganov was still a force to be reckoned with in Russian politics and that his next task would be to remake the communists into a strong opposition. (JOHN H. MATHEWS)

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zyuganov, Gennady Andreyevich — (1944– )    Politician. Born to schoolteachers in Mymrino in the Oryol Oblast, Zyuganov graduated from the Oryol Pedagogical Institute with a degree from the faculty of mathematics and physics in 1969. He worked as a schoolteacher before and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Gennady Zyuganov — Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov or Guennady Ziuganov ( ru. Геннадий Андреевич Зюганов ) (born 26 June 1944) is a Russian politician, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (since 1993), Chairman of the Union of Communist… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • World Affairs — ▪ 2004 Introduction Dominating the international scene in 2003 were the U.S. led war in Iraq and the worldwide reaction to the invasion, which occurred without the sanction of the UN Security Council; the ouster of Charles Taylor in Liberia; the… …   Universalium

  • Gennadi Ziugánov — Gennadi Andréyevich Ziugánov Геннадий Андреевич Зюганов Secretario general del Partido Comunista de la Federación Rusa Actualmente en el cargo Desde el 04 de febrero de 1993 …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhail Gorbachev — Gorbachev redirects here. For other uses, see Gorbachev (disambiguation). This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Sergeyevich and the family name is Gorbachev. Mikhail Gorbachev Михаил Горбачёв Gorbachev in May 2010 …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Prokhanov — Alexander Andreyevich Prokhanov ( ru. Александр Андреевич Проханов; born on February 26 1938 in Tbilisi) is a writer in Russia. He is a member of the secretariat of the Writers Union of the Russian Federation and the editor in chief of ultra… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.