Yao Wenyuan

▪ 2006

      Chinese propaganda official (b. 1931, Zhuji, Zhejiang province, China—d. Dec. 23, 2005, Shanghai, China?), was the last surviving member of the Gang of Four, a radical communist group that gained great political power during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and helped implement many of the revolution's harsh policies. Other members of the group were Wang Hongwen, Zhang Chunqiao, and Mao Zedong's third wife, Jiang Qing. Yao, a journalist, became a member of the group after he wrote a famous attack of a play by Wu Han, Hai Jui Dismissed from Office, in 1965. The article, which launched a fierce debate among the Chinese elite over who supported Mao and who opposed him, was said to mark the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. Yao served as the group's propagandist. After Mao's death in 1976, he was arrested, and he was eventually sentenced to 20 years in prison. Released in 1996, he returned to Shanghai, where he was reportedly working on his memoirs at the time of his death. China's official news agency did not specify where he died.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • YAO WENYUAN — (1925 ) Les renseignements qui concernent les débuts du polémiste Yao Wenyuan, l’un des membres de la bande des Quatre, sont très lacunaires. On sait seulement qu’il a été élevé dans un climat intellectuel, car son père, Yao Bengzi, était un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Yao Wenyuan — (chinesisch 姚文元 Yáo Wényuán; * 1931 in Zhuji, Provinz Zhejiang; † 23. Dezember 2005 in Shanghai) war ein Spitzenpolitiker der Volksrepublik China, der während der Kulturrevolution zusammen mit Mao Zedongs Ehefrau Jiang Qing, Zhang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yao Wenyuan — (zh cp |c=姚文元 |p=Yáo Wényuán) (1931 ndash; December 23, 2005) was a Chinese literary critic and politician and a member of the Gang of Four during China s Cultural Revolution (1966 1976).BiographyHe began his career in Shanghai as a literary… …   Wikipedia

  • Yao Wenyuan —   [ jy ], Yao Wen yüan, chinesischer Politiker, * im Kreis Zhuji (Provinz Zhejiang) 1931; Journalist; löste mit einem Beitrag in der Literaturzeitschrift »Wenhui Bao« im November 1965 die Kulturrevolution aus. Im Oktober 1966 wurde er Mitglied… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yao Wenyuan — En este artículo se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. Parece ser una traducción defectuosa. Por favor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yao Wenyuan — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yao. Yao Wenyuan (chinois simplifié et chinois traditionnel: 姚文元) est un dirigeant communiste chinois, mort le 23 décembre 2005 à l âge de 74 ans. Idéologue de la bande des quatre avec Jiang Qing, Wang Hongwen et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yao (Begriffsklärung) — Yao steht für: Yao, ein Volk in China Yao (Ōsaka), eine Stadt in der japanischen Präfektur Ōsaka Yao (Stadt), eine Stadt im Tschad Yao (Tschad), eine Unterpräfektur im Tschad Wayao, ein Volk in Malawi, Mosambik und Tansania Yao (Sprache) bzw.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yao — may refer to:* The name of the demiurge in Gnostic scripture * Yao, Chad, a town in Chad * Yao (ethnic group in Africa), the waYao people of south central Africa * Yao (African Language), a Bantu language spoken by the Yao people * Yao, Osaka, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Yao (surname) — Yao (zh cp|c=姚|p=Yáo) is one of the most ancient Chinese surnames. It is usually romanised as Yiu in Cantonese. It is ranked 101st in the Hundred Family Surnames, and as the 41st most common surname in Mainland China. [zh icon… …   Wikipedia

  • Yao — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Prénom 3 Toponyme …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.