Slovo, Joe

▪ 1996

      (YOSSEL MASHEL SLOVO), Lithuanian-born South African lawyer and political activist (b. May 23, 1926, Obelai, Lithuania—d. Jan. 6, 1995, Johannesburg, South Africa), as spokesman, chairman (1984-87 and 1991-95), and general secretary (1987-91) of the South African Communist Party (SACP), was the chief white leader in the struggle against apartheid for more than 40 years. He was also the first white member (1985) of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress (ANC). Slovo's family immigrated to South Africa in 1935. He left school at age 13 and joined the SACP three years later, in part because it was the nation's only nonracial political organization. After completing his military service, he studied law at the University of Witwatersrand, where he became friends with Nelson Mandela. The SACP was outlawed in 1950, and Slovo was banned from political activity in 1954. He continued to provide legal counsel for black dissidents, helped to draft (1955) the ANC's Freedom Charter, and worked to form (1961) the group's military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe ("Spear of the Nation"). Slovo was out of the country when the ANC leadership was arrested in 1963. For 27 years he campaigned to solicit money and raise international awareness from bases in London, Zambia, and Mozambique. The activities of Slovo's first wife, Ruth First, who maintained the struggle in South Africa until she joined him in exile, was the basis for the 1987 film A World Apart. He returned to Johannesburg when Mandela was released from prison in 1990. Slovo was named minister of housing in the first multiracial government in 1994.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SLOVO, JOE — (1926–1995), South African politician. Slovo was born in Lithuania and taken to South Africa when he was eight. After war service, he graduated in law at Witwatersrand University. In 1942 he joined the Communist Party, but after it was outlawed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Slovo, Joe — (1926–1995)    Slovo, born in Lithuania, was a principal figure in South African politics throughout the struggle to end apartheid, serving as general secretary and then chairman of the South African Communist Party (SACP), and as the first white …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Joe Slovo — (May 23 1926 ndash; January 6 1995) was a South African Communist politician and long time leader of the South African Communist Party (SACP) and leading member of the African National Congress. He was born in Obeliai, Lithuania to a Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Joe Slovo — (nacido el 23 de mayo de 1926 y fallecido el 6 de enero de 1995) fue un destacado miembro y dirigente del Partido Comunista de Sudáfrica (PCSA), y líder por muchos años del Congreso Nacional Africano (CNA). Gran combatiente del apartheid, nació… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Slovo — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gillian Slovo (* 1952), südafrikanische Schriftstellerin, Journalistin und Filmproduzentin Joe Slovo (Yossel Joe Mashel Slovo; 1926–1995), südafrikanischer Politiker und Apartheid Gegner Diese Seite ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joe Slovo — Yossel „Joe“ Mashel Slovo (* 23. Mai 1926 in Obelai, Litauen; † 6. Januar 1995 in Johannesburg) war ein südafrikanischer Politiker und Gegner der Apartheid. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Slovo — Slọvo,   Joe, südafrikanischer Politiker, * in Litauen 23. 5. 1926, ✝ Johannesburg 6. 1. 1995; Rechtsanwalt; 1935 mit seiner Familie nach Südafrika ausgewandert, wurde 1942 Mitglied, 1986 Generalsekretär der südafrikanischen KP (SACP). Durch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Slovo — Slo|vo, Joe (1926 95) a white South African lawyer, born in Lithuania, who had an important part in opposing the system of ↑apartheid in South Africa. He was the leader of the South African Communist Party, and a leading member of the ANC. In the …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Gillian Slovo — Gillian Slovo, born in 1952, is a South African novelist, playwright and memoirist, and the daughter of South African political activists Joe Slovo and Ruth First.Her novels were at first predominantly of the crime and thriller genres, including… …   Wikipedia

  • Shawn Slovo — (c. 1950) is a screenwriter, best known for the film A World Apart , based on her childhood in South Africa under the apartheid. She is the daughter of the late South African Communist Party leaders Joe Slovo and Ruth First. She also wrote the… …   Wikipedia

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