Shoemaker, William Lee

▪ 2004
“Willie”; “Bill”; “the Shoe” 
      American jockey (b. Aug. 19, 1931, Fabens, Texas—d. Oct. 12, 2003, San Marino, Calif.), was one of the most successful jockeys in the history of Thoroughbred horse racing. In a career that spanned 41 years, he won a record 8,833 races, including 11 Triple Crown events. Born prematurely, Shoemaker weighed less than 0.9 kg (2 lb) at birth; he eventually grew to about 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) tall and weighed less than 45 kg (100 lb). At age 10 he moved with his father to California, which became his racing base. Noted for his self-confidence and rapport with horses, Shoemaker began racing professionally in 1949 and quickly emerged as one of the sport's leading jockeys. His notable wins included the Kentucky Derby (1955, 1959, 1965, and 1986) and the Belmont (1957, 1959, 1962, 1967, and 1975) and Preakness (1963 and 1967) stakes; with his victory at the 1986 Kentucky Derby, he became, at age 54, the oldest jockey to win that event. At the time of his retirement in 1990, he had ridden in 40,350 races and won more than $123 million. Among the horses he jockeyed were Swaps, Spectacular Bid, John Henry, and Ferdinand. In 1991 he was left a quadriplegic following an automobile accident, but he continued to train horses until 1997. Shoemaker wrote a series of mystery novels featuring a jockey-turned-sleuth protagonist, and his autobiography, Shoemaker (co-written with Barney Nagler), was published in 1988. He was inducted into the National Museum of Racing's Hall of Fame in 1958.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shoemaker,William Lee — Shoe·ma·ker (sho͞oʹmā kər), William Lee. Known as “Willie.” Born 1931. American jockey who before his retirement in 1990 won more races than any other rider in horseracing history. * * * …   Universalium

  • William Lee Shoemaker — (* 19. August 1931 in Fabens, Texas; † 12. Oktober 2003) war ein US amerikanischer Jockey. Er war einer der erfolgreichsten Jockeys aller Zeiten und wurde auch „Bill“, „Willie“ oder „The Shoe“ genannt. Shoemaker war bei seiner Geburt mit 1.250… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Lee (valet) — William Lee (c. 1750–1828), also known as Billy Lee or Will Lee, was George Washington s personal servant and the only one of Washington s slaves freed outright by Washington in his will. Because he served by Washington s side throughout the… …   Wikipedia

  • Shoemaker — (as used in expressions) Shoemaker, Bill Willie Shoemaker William Lee Shoemaker Shoemaker Levy 9 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lee — /lee/, n. 1. Ann, 1736 84, British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S. 2. Charles, 1731 82, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 3. Doris Emrick /em rik/, born 1905, U.S. painter. 4. Fitzhugh /fits hyooh / or, often, / yooh ; fits… …   Universalium

  • Lee — Lee, Anna Lee, Nathanael Lee, Robert Edward Lee, Vernon Lee, Yuan Tseh * * * (as used in expressions) Bench, Johnny (Lee) Berners Lee, Tim Chennault, Claire L(ee) De Forest, Lee Frost, Robert (Lee) Glashow, Sheldon Lee …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shoemaker, Bill — or Willie Shoemaker in full William Lee Shoemaker born Aug. 19, 1931, Fabens, Texas, U.S. died Oct. 12, 2003, San Marino, Calif. U.S. jockey. He began his racing career in 1949. He rode in 24 Kentucky Derbies and won four; he also won the Belmont …   Universalium

  • Shoemaker — /shooh may keuhr/, n. William Lee (Willie), born 1931, U.S. jockey. * * * (as used in expressions) Shoemaker Bill William Lee Shoemaker Willie Shoemaker Shoemaker Levy 9 * * * …   Universalium

  • lee — lee1 /lee/, n. 1. protective shelter: The lee of the rock gave us some protection against the storm. 2. the side or part that is sheltered or turned away from the wind: We erected our huts under the lee of the mountain. 3. Chiefly Naut. the… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

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