Shannon, Claude Elwood

▪ 2002

      American mathematician and computer scientist (b. April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Mich.—d. Feb. 24, 2001, Medford, Mass.), laid the theoretical foundations for modern mass communications and came to be regarded as the “father of the information age.” After graduating from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1936, he earned (1940) both a master's degree in electrical engineering and a Ph.D. in mathematics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He joined the mathematics department at Bell Labs in 1941, where he contributed to work on antiaircraft missile control systems. He remained affiliated with Bell Labs until 1972. Shannon became a visiting professor at MIT in 1956, a permanent member of the faculty in 1958, and professor emeritus in 1978. Shannon's master's thesis, “A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits” (1940), used Boolean algebra to establish the theoretical underpinnings of digital circuits, which became fundamental to the operation of modern computers and telecommunications equipment. In 1948 Shannon published a paper entitled “A Mathematical Theory of Communication,” which established basic tenets of information theory and contained the first published use of the term bit to designate a single binary digit. His formulation of information theory was an immediate success with communications engineers and continued to prove useful to later researchers. It also inspired many attempts to apply information theory in other areas, such as cognition, biology, linguistics, psychology, economics, and physics. Aside from producing many provocative and influential articles on information theory, cryptography, and chess-playing computers, Shannon also designed various mechanical devices, including an electromechanical mouse—one of the first experiments in artificial intelligence.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shannon, Claude Elwood — SUBJECT AREA: Electronics and information technology, Telecommunications [br] b. 30 April 1916 Gaylord, Michigan, USA [br] American mathematician, creator of information theory. [br] As a child, Shannon tinkered with radio kits and enjoyed… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Shannon , Claude Elwood — (1916–) American mathematician Born in Gaylord, Michigan, Shannon graduated from the University of Michigan in 1936. He later worked both at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Bell Telephone Laboratories. In 1958 he returned to MIT …   Scientists

  • Shannon, Claude (Elwood) — born April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Mich., U.S. died Feb. 24, 2001, Medford, Mass. U.S. electrical engineer. Shannon earned a Ph.D. in mathematics from MIT in 1940. He had a long career as a research mathematician at Bell Laboratories (1941–72) and as …   Universalium

  • Shannon, Claude (Elwood) — (30 abr. 1916, Petoskey, Mich., EE.UU.–24 feb. 2001, Medford, Mass.). Ingeniero eléctrico estadounidense. Shannon obtuvo un Ph.D. en matemática en el MIT en 1940. Tuvo una larga carrera como investigador matemático en los Laboratorios Bell… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claude Elwood Shannon — (* 30. April 1916 in Petoskey, Michigan; † 24. Februar 2001 in Medford, Massachusetts) war ein amerikanischer Mathematiker und Elektrotechniker. Er gilt als Begründer der Informationstheorie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Elwood Shannon — Claude Shannon Claude Shannon Nom de naissance Claude Elwood Shannon Naissance 30 avril 1916 Gaylord, Michigan, États Unis Décès 24 février 2001 (à 84 ans) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Elwood Shannon — (Míchigan, 30 de abril de 1916 24 de febrero de 2001), ingeniero electrónico y matemático estadounidense, recordado como «el padre de la teoría de la información». Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Referencias …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shannon, Claude — ▪ American engineer in full  Claude Elwood Shannon  born April 30, 1916, Petoskey, Michigan, U.S. died February 24, 2001, Medford, Massachusetts       American mathematician and electrical engineer who laid the theoretical foundations for digital …   Universalium

  • Claude Elwood Shannon — noun United States electrical engineer who pioneered mathematical communication theory (1916 2001) • Syn: ↑Shannon, ↑Claude Shannon, ↑Claude E. Shannon • Instance Hypernyms: ↑engineer, ↑applied scientist, ↑technologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Claude Shannon — Claude Elwood Shannon (1916 2001) Born April …   Wikipedia

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