Schneerson, Menachem Mendel

▪ 1995

      Russian-born rabbi (b. April 14, 1902, Nikolayev, Russia [now in Ukraine]—d. June 12, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was a towering figure in Orthodox Judaism and for 44 years the charismatic spiritual leader of the New York-based Lubavitch Hasidic movement. He built a religious empire from the remnants of a Russian flock, whose numbers had been decimated to a few thousand by the Holocaust, into a powerful following of some 200,000 believers worldwide. Schneerson attracted members by using several strategies: converted campers (dubbed "mitzvah tanks") that served as recruitment centres canvassed New York City; toll-free telephone numbers, satellite television hookups, and faxes of Talmudic disquisitions were made available; full-page newspaper advertisements were published; and Schneerson himself, a mesmeric figure with piercing blue eyes and a flowing white beard, dispensed blessings and a crisp new dollar bill to each Sunday morning visitor. A Sorbonne-educated scholar, Schneerson became the seventh Lubavitcher grand rabbi in 1950 following the death of his father-in-law. Schneerson, though he had not traveled beyond Crown Heights, Brooklyn, the site of the Lubavitch World Headquarters, in 37 years, had a strong influence on Israeli politics, both within the Knesset (parliament) and among the electorate. Because many of his followers revered Schneerson as the potential Messiah, his death caused great consternation, especially when his hoped-for resurrection failed to take place. He was childless and did not designate a successor.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Menachem Mendel Schneerson — For the third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch dynasty see Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson Lubavitcher Rebbe …   Wikipedia

  • Menachem Mendel Schneerson — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Menachem Mendel Schneerson — (1987) Menachem Mendel Schneerson (* 18. April 1902 in Nikolajew, Ukraine; † 12. Juni 1994 in New York) war über vier Jahrzehnte das Oberhaupt – „der Rebbe“ – der Chabad Bewegung, einer chassidischen Gruppierung innerhalb des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Menachem Mendel — is a masculine Jewish first name. The name is sometimes used as either just Menachem or just Mendel. Menachem means to console or comfort, Mendel is a diminutive of Menachem. In 2005, Menachem was the 79th most popular name for boys, and the 38th …   Wikipedia

  • Menachem Mendel Schneersohn — For the seventh Lubavitcher Rebbe, see Menachem Mendel Schneerson. For the Tzemach Tzedek of Nikolsburg, see Menahem Mendel Krochmal. Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Lubavitcher Rebbe The Tzemach Tzedek …   Wikipedia

  • Menachem Mendel Futerfas — Part of a series on Chabad Rebbes of Lubavitch …   Wikipedia

  • Menachem Mendel Schneerson — El Rebe de Lubavitch, Rabí Menajem Mendel Schneerson,(Nikolayev, Ucrania, 18 de abril de 1902 (11 de Nisán ) Brooklyn, Nueva York, 12 de julio de 1994) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schneerson, Rabbi Menachem Mendel — (1902 94)    He was the seventh in a line of grand rabbis, or rebbes, of the Lubavitch Hasidic Movement. He was born in Ukraine, studied mathematics and science in Berlin and at the Sorbonne, fled the Nazis in 1941, and immigrated (see ALIYA) to… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson — Menachem Mendel Schneerson Menahem Mendel Schneerson, né le 18 avril 1902 à Mykolaiv, Ukraine, également connu par ses fidèles sous le nom de Le Rebbe ou Le Rabbi de Loubavitch, est le septième héritier de la dynastie du Hassidisme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schneerson — Schneerson,   Menachem Mendel, Rạbbi Schneerson, ukrainischer jüdischer Philosoph, Mathematiker, Elektrotechniker, * Nikolajew 14. 4. 1902, ✝ New York 12. 6. 1994; Studium in Berlin und Paris (Sorbonne); lebte seit 1927 in …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.