Savimbi, Jonas Malheiro

▪ 2003

      Angolan nationalist guerrilla leader (b. Aug. 3, 1934, Munhango, Portuguese Angola—d. Feb. 22, 2002, near Lucuse, Angola), was the charismatic and fiercely ambitious leader of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). Savimbi originally fought alongside the Marxist-oriented Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the U.S.-backed National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) in the war for liberation from Portugal, but he later turned against his erstwhile allies and waged war on the MPLA-led postindependence government. Savimbi, a member of the Ovimbundu tribe, was the son of a railroad stationmaster and Protestant preacher. He studied medicine in Lisbon, Port., where he met MPLA founder Agostinho Neto and joined the independence movement; some reports indicated that he studied political science in Switzerland. In 1965 Savimbi accepted funding and military training from China; the next year he founded UNITA and returned home with a small militia, which quickly gained popular support in eastern Angola. After independence was granted in 1975, civil war broke out between the liberation groups. Savimbi sought U.S. and South African aid to fight the MPLA, which was backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union. A peace agreement led to elections in 1992, but when the MPLA won the vote, Savimbi refused to accept the results. Thereafter, despite peace talks, occasional cease-fires, and dwindling support, he continued the guerrilla war. Savimbi was killed in a gun battle with government troops in rural Moxico province.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro) — born Aug. 3, 1934, Portuguese Angola died Feb. 22, 2002, near Lucusse, Angola Angolan guerrilla leader and politician. After obtaining a doctorate abroad, Savimbi returned to found the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)… …   Universalium

  • Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro) — (3 ago. 1934, Angola portuguesa–22 feb. 2002, cerca de Lucusse, Angola). Líder guerrillero y político angoleño. Después de doctorarse en el extranjero, regresó a su país para fundar, en 1966, la Unión Nacional para la Independencia Total de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jonas Malheiro Savimbi — Jonas Savimbi Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (1934 2002) est un chef nationaliste angolais anticommuniste. Il est né dans la province de Bié et issu de l’ethnie ovimbundu. Il est le principal fondateur du mouvement politique et militaire angolais, l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Savimbi, Jonas — ▪ Angolan politician in full  Jonas Malheiro Savimbi  born August 3, 1934, Portuguese Angola died February 22, 2002, near Lucusse, Angola       Angolan politician, the leader of a long continuing guerrilla insurgency against the postindependence… …   Universalium

  • Savimbi — Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (* 3. August 1934; † 22. Februar 2002 in Lucusse, Provinz Moxico/Angola) war angolanischer Politiker und Anführer der UNITA Paramilitärs. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 1.1 Werdegang und Gründung der UNITA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Jonas — (as used in expressions) Ångström Anders Jonas Lie Jonas Lauritz Idemil Salk Jonas Edward Savimbi Jonas Malheiro Jonas Stern * * * ▪ Russian Orthodox metropolitan Russian  Iona   flourished 15th century, Moscow       first independent… …   Universalium

  • Jonas Savimbi — Born August 3, 1934(1934 08 03) Munhango, Moxico Province …   Wikipedia

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  • Jonas Savimbi — (1989). Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (* 3. August 1934 in Munhango, Provinz Bié, Angola; † 22. Februar 2002 in Lucusse, Provinz Moxico, Angola) war angolanischer Politiker und Anführer der antikolonialen Bewegung UNITA, die nach der Unabhängigkeit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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