Rorty, Richard McKay

▪ 2008

      American pragmatist philosopher and public intellectual

born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y.

died June 8, 2007 , Palo Alto, Calif.
was noted for his wide-ranging critique of the modern conception of philosophy as a quasi-scientific enterprise aimed at reaching certainty and objective truth. In politics he argued against programs of both the left and the right in favour of what he described as a meliorative and reformist “bourgeois liberalism.” Rorty attended the University of Chicago and Yale University, where he obtained a Ph.D. in 1956. Following two years in the army, he taught philosophy at Wellesley College (1958–61) and Princeton University (1961–82) before accepting a position in the department of humanities at the University of Virginia. From 1998 until his retirement in 2005, Rorty taught comparative literature at Stanford University. In epistemology he opposed foundationalism, the view that all knowledge can be grounded, or justified, in a set of basic statements that do not themselves require justification. According to his “epistemological behaviourism,” no statement is epistemologically more basic than any other, and no statement is ever justified “finally” but can be justified only relative to some circumscribed and contextually determined set of additional statements. In the philosophy of language, Rorty rejected the idea that sentences or beliefs are “true” or “false” in any interesting sense other than being useful or successful within a broad social practice. He also opposed representationalism, the view that the main function of language is to represent or picture pieces of an objectively existing reality. Finally, in metaphysics he rejected both realism and antirealism, or idealism, as products of mistaken representationalist assumptions about language. Because Rorty did not believe in certainty or absolute truth, he did not advocate the philosophical pursuit of such things. Instead, he believed that the role of philosophy is to conduct an intellectual “conversation” between contrasting but equally valid forms of intellectual inquiry—including science, literature, politics, religion, and many others—with the aim of achieving mutual understanding and resolving conflicts. Rorty defended himself against charges of relativism and subjectivism by claiming that he rejected the crucial distinctions these doctrines presuppose. Rorty's publications included Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979), Consequences of Pragmatism (1982), and Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (1989).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Rorty, Richard (McKay) — born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. philosopher. After receiving his Ph.D. at Yale University in 1956, he taught at Wellesley College, Princeton University, the University of Virginia, and Stanford University. An opponent of… …   Universalium

  • Rorty, Richard (McKay) — (4 oct. 1931, Nueva York, N.Y. EE.UU.). Filósofo estadounidense. Después de obtener su Ph. D. en la Universidad de Yale en 1956, enseñó en el Wellesley College y en las Universidades de Princeton, Virginia y Stanford. Como opositor del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Richard McKay Rorty — Richard Rorty (links) und Akbar Gandji Richard McKay Rorty (* 4. Oktober 1931 in New York City; † 8. Juni 2007 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Philosoph. Rorty gilt als ein Vertreter des Neo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard McKay Rorty — Richard Rorty Pour les articles homonymes, voir McKay. Richard Rorty Philosophe Occidental Époque Moderne Naissance : 4 octobre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rorty, Richard — ▪ American philosopher in full  Richard McKay Rorty  born Oct. 4, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 8, 2007, Palo Alto, Calif.       American pragmatist philosopher and public intellectual noted for his wide ranging critique of the modern… …   Universalium

  • Rorty — Richard Rorty (links) und Akbar Gandji Richard McKay Rorty (* 4. Oktober 1931 in New York City; † 8. Juni 2007 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Philosoph. Rorty gilt als ein Vertreter des Neo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard — /ri shahrd /; Fr. /rddee shannrdd /, n. Maurice /maw rees /; Fr. /moh rddees /, ( the Rocket ), born 1921, Canadian hockey player. /rich euhrd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Attlee… …   Universalium

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  • Richard Rorty — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard McKay Rorty Filosofía occidental Filosofía del siglo XX Nacimiento 4 de octubre de 1931 Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richard Rorty — (links) und Akbar Gandji Richard McKay Rorty (* 4. Oktober 1931 in New York City; † 8. Juni 2007 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) war ein amerikanischer Philosoph. Rorty gilt als ein Vertreter des Neo Pragmatismus. Er wurde auch durch seine linken… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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