Mainassara, Ibrahim Bare

▪ 2000

      Nigerois soldier, diplomat, and politician (b. May 9, 1949, Maradi, Niger, French West Africa—d. April 9, 1999, Niamey, Niger), followed a distinguished career of diplomatic and military service with the orchestration of a coup d'état in 1996 that overthrew Niger's first democratically elected government; he then ruled as president until his assassination. Maïnassara, a Muslim of Hausa ancestry, enlisted in the army in 1970 and three years later became aide-de-camp to Pres. Seyni Kountché, whom he served so devoutly that he was made leader of the Presidential Guard in 1976. Two years later he was awarded command of the army's prestigious airborne regiment. He served as Niger's military attaché to the ambassador to France (1986–87), health minister (1987–88), ambassador to France (1988–90), and ambassador to Algeria (1990–92). In 1992 he was designated defense adviser to Prime Minister Amadou Cheiffou. With the establishment of Niger's first democracy in 1993, Maïnassara served as chief of staff for Pres. Mahamane Ousmane, and in March 1995 Amadou appointed him army chief. At that time Ousmane was preparing to dissolve the opposition-controlled legislature, which threatened to outlaw the president's own political party, the Democratic and Social Convention. On Jan. 27, 1996, Maïnassara placed the president under house arrest, suspended the constitution, banned political parties, and proclaimed himself head of the newly formed National Salvation Council. Facing the cutoff of aid money from both the U.S. and France, he arranged for new elections in July, which he won under questionable circumstances that included the house arrest of opposition candidates. Maïnassara was criticized for repressive actions, and he survived various failed mutinies and coups d'état. In the weeks prior to his death, he nullified local election returns. Maïnassara and his personal bodyguards were machine-gunned at Niamey's airport, reportedly by members of the Presidential Guard.

▪ 1997

      On Jan. 27, 1996, Col. Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara led a successful military coup against the democratically elected (1993) Nigerois government of Pres. Mahamane Ousmane, which had been locked in an internal power struggle since 1995.

      Though many thought that democratic institutions were well established and that Niger had made a successful transition to the multiparty system, Baré attacked the politicians, calling them "greedy, badly prepared, and incapable of adapting to the demands of democratic power."

      Following the coup, Baré placed Mahamane under house arrest, banned all political parties, and suspended the constitution. International reaction was swift. The United States withdrew all economic and military aid, France suspended all monetary support, and South Africa and Germany vocally condemned the action.

      Baré, saying he had no wish to remain in power, stated he would draw up a timetable for a return to civilian rule. He called for elections on July 7 and 8, in which he ran as an independent candidate. Baré insisted upon those dates, causing rumours to circulate that he had consulted practitioners of traditional magic who deemed the dates auspicious. After the first round of elections, the polls were closed early amid confusion, and Baré had his opponents placed under house arrest. He then disbanded the CENI (Independent National Electoral Commission) and set up his own National Election Commission, and on July 21 the Supreme Court validated the commission's declaration that Baré had won the election with 52.2% of the vote.

      Baré was born in 1949 in Maradi, Niger. A professional soldier, he enlisted in 1970 and became Pres. Seyni Kountché's aide-de-camp in 1974. Under Kountché's rule, Baré was appointed commander of the Presidential Guard and subsequently headed the parachute division. He held a series of overseas posts, including military attaché to the Nigerois embassy in Paris, before serving as health minister from 1987 to 1988, ambassador to Paris (1988-90), and ambassador to Algeria (1990-92). He then returned to Niger to become defense adviser to Cheiffou Amadou, the transitional prime minister. In 1993 Mahamane appointed Baré his chief of staff, and in 1995 Prime Minister Hama Amadou named him army chief.

      (AMANDA E. FULLER)

* * *

▪ military ruler, Niger
born May 9, 1949, Maradi, Niger, French West Africa
died April 9, 1999, Niamey, Niger

      soldier, diplomat, and politician who orchestrated a coup in 1996 that overthrew Niger's first democratically elected government. He subsequently served as president (1996–99) until his assassination.

      Maïnassara, who was of Hausa ancestry, enlisted in the army in 1970 and three years later became aide-de-camp to President Seyni Kountché. Extremely loyal to the president, Maïnassara was appointed commander of the Presidential Guard in 1976 and in 1978 was given charge of the army's prestigious airborne regiment. He held a series of overseas posts, including military attaché to the Nigerois embassy in Paris (1986–87), ambassador to Paris (1988–90), and ambassador to Algeria (1990–92), before returning to Niger in 1992 to become defense adviser to Amadou Cheiffou, the transitional prime minister.

      With the establishment of Niger's first democracy in 1993, Maïnassara was appointed chief of staff by President Mahamane Ousmane, and in 1995 Prime Minister Hama Amadou named him army chief. At that time the government was in the midst of an internal power struggle as Ousmane was preparing to dissolve the opposition-controlled legislature, which was threatening to outlaw the president's political party, the Democratic and Social Convention. On January 27, 1996, Maïnassara successfully led a military coup and placed Ousmane under house arrest. Proclaiming himself head of the National Salvation Council, he suspended the constitution and banned political parties. Facing the cutoff of financial aid from both the United States and France, Maïnassara arranged for new elections in July, which he won under questionable circumstances that included the house arrest of opposition candidates.

      As president, Maïnassara was criticized for repressive actions, and he survived several assassination attempts. In April 1999, however, he was machine-gunned at Niamey's airport, reportedly by members of the Presidential Guard.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara — (May 9, 1949 – April 9, 1999) was a military officer in the West African country of Niger who seized power in a January 1996 coup d état and ruled the country until his assassination during the military coup of April 1999. Maïnassara, a member of …   Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara — (* 9. Mai 1949 in Maradi; † 9. April 1999 in Niamey) war ein nigrischer Offizier und Präsident des Niger. Die Familie Ibrahim Baré Mäinassaras stammte aus Douméga im Westen Nigers. Er setzte durch einen Putsch den amtierenden Präsidenten des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim Bare Mainassara — Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara Le général Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (qui signifie « le victorieux », en langue haoussa), qui a mené le coup d État et pris la tête du Conseil de salut national, est un militaire de carrière. Né en 1949 à Maradi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara — Mandats Président du Comité de salut national de la République du Niger 27 janvi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara — Presidente de Níger 27 de enero de 1996 – 9 de abril de 1999 Predecesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mainassara — Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (* 9. Mai 1949; † 9. April 1999) war ein nigrischer Offizier und Präsident des Niger. Er setzte durch einen Putsch den amtierenden Präsidenten des Niger Mahamane Ousmane am 27. Januar 1996 ab. Er wurde bei den Wahlen am 7 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki — (born 1951 [Alain Aka, [http://www.jeuneafrique.com/jeune afrique/article jeune afrique.asp?art cle=LIN17075ibrahikayam0 Ibrahim Assane Mayaki] , Jeuneafrique.com , July 17, 2005 fr icon] ) was Prime Minister of Niger from November 27, 1997,… …   Wikipedia

  • Baré Maïnassara — (Ibrahim) (né en 1949) général et homme politique nigérien. Chef d état major de l armée depuis mars 1995, il prit le pouvoir en janv. 1996 et fut élu en juillet président de la République …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baré — can mean:* The Baré people of Brazil * The Baré language, spoken by the Barés * Baré Esporte Clube, a Brazilian football club * Jeanne Baré, a French explorer * Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, a former head of state of Niger …   Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki — Ibrahim Assane Mayaki est un homme politique nigérien. Sommaire 1 Études 2 Carrière politique 3 Carrière internationale 4 Bibliographie …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.