Leontief, Wassily W.

▪ 2000

      Russian-born American economist (b. Aug. 5, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia—d. Feb. 5, 1999, New York, N.Y.), won the 1973 Nobel Prize for Economics for his development of input-output analysis, a method used for analyzing the interrelationships of different sectors of a local or national economy and calculating how changes in one sector will affect others. Although many American economists rejected the notion of centralized economic planning—and opposed Leontief's proposal that the federal government establish an office of national economic planning—input-output analysis was adopted by the governments of numerous industrial countries. Leontief was educated at the Universities of Petrograd/Leningrad in Russia (1921–25) and Berlin (1925–28). In 1928–29, after receiving his Ph.D., he served as an economic adviser to the government of China. Immigrating to the U.S. in 1931, Leontief joined the economics faculty at Harvard University, where he remained until 1975. During 1961 and 1962 he served as a member of an international team of experts studying the potential social and economic impact of disarmament. The group agreed that disarmament would not cause a severe depression, as many other authorities had contended. From 1975 to 1991 Leontief held the post of professor of economics at New York University, where he also served for 13 years as director of the university's Institute for Economic Analysis. Another of his unique contributions to economic theory was his elucidation of the so-called Leontief Paradox, his finding that in the U.S., capital rather than labour is the relatively scarce factor in production. Leontief's publications include The Structure of the American Economy 1919–1929: An Empirical Application of Equilibrium Analysis (1941) and Input-Output Economics (1966).

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  • Leontief, Wassily — born Aug. 5, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia died Feb. 5, 1999, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian born U.S. economist. After studying at the universities of Leningrad (1921–25) and Berlin (1925–28), he immigrated to the U.S. in 1931. At Harvard… …   Universalium

  • Leontief, Wassily — (5 ago. 1906, San Petersburgo, Rusia–5 feb. 1999, N.Y. N.Y., EE.UU.). Economista estadounidense nacido en Rusia. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1931, después de estudiar en las universidades de Leningrado (1921–25) y Berlín (1925–28). En la Universidad de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leontief,Wassily — Le·on·tief (lē ônʹtyĕf, ŏnʹ ), Wassily. 1906 1999. Russian born American economist. He won a 1973 Nobel Prize for devising the input output technique of economic analysis. * * * …   Universalium

  • Leontief — Wassily Leontief (* 5. August 1905 in München[1]; † 5. Februar 1999 in New York; ursprünglich russisch Василий Васильевич Леонтьев/ Wassili Wassiljewitsch Leontjew) war ein russischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, der 1973 den Preis für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEONTIEF (W. W.) — LEONTIEF WASSILY W. (1906 ) Né à Saint Pétersbourg, Wassily Leontief étudie dans cette ville l’économie de 1921 à 1925. Il participe activement, à la même époque, dans l’équipe rassemblée autour de Preobrajenski, à l’élaboration des premiers… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wassily Leontief — Infobox Scientist name = Wassily Wassilyovitch Leontief caption = W. W. Leontief at Harvard birth date = birth date|1905|8|5|mf=y birth place = Munich, Germany death date = death date and age|1999|2|5|1905|8|5|mf=y death place = New York City,… …   Wikipedia

  • Leontief-Paradoxon — Das Leontief Paradoxon ist das Ergebnis einer empirischen Untersuchung, welche 1953 durch Wassily Leontief veröffentlicht wurde und dem bis dahin unumstrittenen Heckscher Ohlin Theorem (Faktorproportionentheorem) vollkommen widerspricht.[1] Das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leontief-Funktion — Die Leontief Produktionsfunktion ist ein Typ (Typ B) der mikroökonomischen Produktionsfunktion. Sie wird als linear limitational bezeichnet, da die Produktionsfaktoren in einem festen Verhältnis zueinander und in einem festen Verhältnis zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wassily Leontief — (* 5. August 1905 in München[1]; † 5. Februar 1999 in New York; ursprünglich russisch Василий Васильевич Леонтьев/ Wassili Wassiljewitsch Leontjew) war ein russischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler, der 1973 den Preis für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leontief paradox — Leontief s paradox in economics is that the country with the world s highest capital per worker has a lower in exports than in imports.This econometric find was the result of Professor Wassily W. Leontief s attempt to test the Heckscher Ohlin… …   Wikipedia

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