Leinsdorf, Erich

▪ 1994

      Austrian-born U.S. conductor (b. Feb. 4, 1912, Vienna, Austria-Hungary—d. Sept. 11, 1993, Zürich, Switz.), had some of his first successes in opera but later worked mainly with orchestras; his conducting was characterized by clarity and precision. He studied piano as a child and later the cello, music theory, and composition and graduated from the University of Vienna and State Academy of Music. He conducted at Salzburg until he left Europe in 1937 for the U.S., where he formed an association with the Metropolitan Opera. In 1943 he became music director and conductor of the Cleveland (Ohio) Orchestra, but he was almost immediately drafted into military service. From 1947 to 1956 he directed the Rochester (N.Y.) Philharmonic Orchestra, with which he made a number of recordings. After periods with the New York City Opera and the Metropolitan, in 1962 he succeeded Charles Munch as director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. At Boston until 1969, Leinsdorf was especially known for performing many new works. He disliked administrative duties and, except for a short period with the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, for the remainder of his career he served as guest conductor for many major orchestras. His appearances were noted for innovative programming, which often included new or little-known works in unusual combinations with the standard repertoire. Leinsdorf was a man of wide-ranging interests and knowledge, and he was outspoken in his views on musical and other matters. The autobiographical Cadenza: A Musical Career was published in 1976, and his book on conducting, The Composer's Advocate, in 1981.

* * *

▪ American musician
born Feb. 4, 1912, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
died Sept. 11, 1993, Zürich, Switz.

      Austrian-born American pianist and conductor.

      Following musical studies at the University of Vienna and the State Academy, Leinsdorf served as rehearsal, and then solo, pianist for Anton von Webern's Singverein der Sozialdemokratischen Kunststelle (Choral Society of the Social Democratic Arts Council). Bruno Walter took him as his assistant at Salzburg in 1934, and that same year Arturo Toscanini engaged him as pianist for a special performance in Vienna. In 1937, having already established a name in Italy as a conductor of opera, Leinsdorf was invited to join the New York Metropolitan Opera as assistant conductor. He was later promoted to full conductor and in 1939 was put in charge of the German repertory.

      Leinsdorf succeeded Artur Rodzinsky at the Cleveland Orchestra in 1943 but sacrificed the post when he was inducted into the U.S. Army. He returned from overseas in 1947 to a position with the Rochester Philharmonic. In 1956 he was musical director of the New York City Opera and then in 1957 resumed work with the Metropolitan as conductor and musical consultant. He succeeded Charles Munch at the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1962, remaining there until 1969. In 1978 he was named chief conductor of the Radio Symphony of West Berlin, a post he retained until 1980.

      He made guest appearances with virtually every major orchestra in Europe and the United States, and he recorded extensively. The autobiographical Cadenza: A Musical Career was published in 1976, and a book on conducting, The Composer's Advocate, in 1981.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LEINSDORF, ERICH — (1912–1993), conductor. Born in Vienna, Leinsdorf was assistant conductor to Bruno Walter and Toscanini at the Salzburg Festival (1934–37), and conducted in Italy, France, and Belgium. After settling in the United States in 1937, he conducted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Leinsdorf,Erich — Leins·dorf (līnzʹdôrf , līnsʹ ), Erich. 1912 1993. Austrian born American conductor who led the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra, the New York City Opera Company, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. * * * …   Universalium

  • Erich Leinsdorf — (Erich Landauer) (February 4, 1912 ndash; September 11, 1993) was an Austrian born American conductor.cite book | last=Slonimsky | first=N. | edition=8th edition | pages=p. 559| title=The Concise Baker s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians |… …   Wikipedia

  • Leinsdorf — Erich Leinsdorf (geboren Erich Landauer am 4. Februar 1912 in Wien; † 11. September 1993 in Zürich) war ein österreichischer Dirigent, der 1938 nach dem „Anschluss“ aufgrund seines Judentums das Land verlassen musste und 1942 Staatsbürger der USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leinsdorf — Leinsdorf,   Erich, amerikanischer Dirigent österreichischer Herkunft, * Wien 4. 2. 1912, ✝ Zürich 11. 9. 1993; wirkte u. a. an der Metropolitan Opera in New York (1937 43 und 1957 62) und als Chefdirigent des Boston Symphony Orchestra (1962 69)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Erich — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prénom comme Éric en Allemand Erich Abraham Erich Auerbach Erich Bärenfänger Erich Bautz Erich Beer Erich Carl Walter Erich Dethleffsen Erich Eliskases …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leinsdorf — Erich Leinsdorf Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erich. Erich Leinsdorf, né Erich Landauer à Vienne (Autriche) le 4 février 1912 et mort à Zurich le 11 septembre 1993, est un chef d orchestre autrichien naturalisé américain… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich Leinsdorf — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Leinsdorf (Viena, 4 de febrero de 1912 Zúrich, 11 de septiembre de 1993). Director de orquesta austriaco nacionalizado estadounidense. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Repertorio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erich Leinsdorf — (geboren Erich Landauer; * 4. Februar 1912 in Wien; † 11. September 1993 in Zürich) war ein österreichischer Dirigent, der 1938 nach dem „Anschluss“ aufgrund seines Judentums das Land verlassen musste und 1942 Staatsbürger der USA wurde. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEINSDORF (E.) — Erich LEINSDORF 1912 1993 Un des derniers survivants d’une lignée de chefs d’orchestre autrichiens établis aux États Unis, Erich Leinsdorf a contribué à inculquer la tradition du répertoire germanique aux grandes institutions symphoniques et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.