Lamb, Willis Eugene, Jr.

▪ 2009

      American physicist

born July 12, 1913, Los Angeles, Calif.

died May 15, 2008, Tucson, Ariz.
was corecipient, with Polykarp Kusch, of the 1955 Nobel Prize for Physics for experimental work that spurred refinements in the quantum theories of electromagnetic phenomena. Lamb joined the faculty of Columbia University, New York City, in 1938 and worked in the Radiation Laboratory there during World War II. Though the quantum mechanics of P.A.M. Dirac had predicted the hyperfine structure of the lines that appear in the spectrum (dispersed light, as by a prism), Lamb applied new methods to measure the lines and in 1947 found their positions to be slightly different from what had been predicted. While a professor of physics (1951–56) at Stanford University, Lamb devised microwave techniques for examining the hyperfine structure of the spectral lines of helium. He taught at the University of Oxford until 1962, when he was appointed a professor of physics at Yale University. In 1974 he became a professor of physics and optical sciences at the University of Arizona, where he remained until his retirement in 2002. Lamb was also the recipient of the 1992 Einstein Medal (given by the Society for Optical and Quantum Electronics) and a 2000 National Medal of Science.

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▪ American physicist
born July 12, 1913, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.
died May 15, 2008, Tucson, Ariz.

      American physicist and corecipient, with Polykarp Kusch (Kusch, Polykarp), of the 1955 Nobel Prize for Physics for experimental work that spurred refinements in the quantum theories of electromagnetic phenomena (quantum electrodynamics).

      Lamb joined the faculty of Columbia University, New York City, in 1938 and worked in the Radiation Laboratory there during World War II. Though the quantum mechanics of P.A.M. Dirac (Dirac, P.A.M.) had predicted the hyperfine structure of the lines that appear in the spectrum (dispersed light, as by a prism), Lamb applied new methods to measure the lines and in 1947 found their positions to be slightly different from what had been predicted. While a professor of physics (1951–56) at Stanford University, California, Lamb devised microwave techniques for examining the hyperfine structure of the spectral lines of helium. He was a professor of theoretical physics at the University of Oxford until 1962, when he was appointed a professor of physics at Yale University. In 1974 he became a professor of physics and optical sciences at the University of Arizona; he retired as professor emeritus in 2002.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lamb , Willis Eugene, Jr. — (1913–) American physicist Born in Los Angeles, Lamb was a student at the University of California, Berkeley, graduating in chemistry in 1934 and gaining his PhD in physics in 1938. His thesis research, on the electromagnetic properties of… …   Scientists

  • Willis Eugene Lamb — Willis E. Lamb, Jr. Willis Eugene Lamb, Jr. (* 12. Juli 1913 in Los Angeles; † 15. Mai 2008 in Tucson, Arizona) war ein amerikanischer Physiker. 1955 wurde ihm der Nobelpreis für Physik verliehen. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willis Eugene Lamb — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lamb. Willis Lamb Willis Eugene Lamb, Junior (12 juillet 1913 à Los Angeles 15 mai 2008 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willis Eugene Lamb — Willis Lamb Retrato de 1955. Nacimiento 12 de julio de 1913 Los Ángeles, California, EEUU …   Wikipedia Español

  • Physiknobelpreis 1955: Polykarp Kusch — Willis Eugene Lamb —   Die beiden Physiker erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre unabhängig voneinander geleisteten Beiträge zur Entwicklung der Quantenelektrodynamik.    Biografien   Polykarp Kusch, * Blankenburg (Harz) 26. 1. 1911, ✝ Dallas (Texas) 20. 3. 1993; 1912 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lamb — Willis Eugene, Jr …   Scientists

  • Willis Lamb — Willis E. Lamb, Jr. Willis Eugene Lamb, Jr. (* 12. Juli 1913 in Los Angeles; † 15. Mai 2008 in Tucson, Arizona) war ein amerikanischer Physiker. 1955 wurde ihm der Nobelpreis für Physik verliehen. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willis E. Lamb — Willis Eugene Lamb, Jr. (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Willis E. Lamb — Willis Eugene Lamb Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lamb. Willis Lamb Willis Eugene Lamb, Junior (né le 12 juillet 1913 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Willis Lamb — Willis Eugene Lamb Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lamb. Willis Lamb Willis Eugene Lamb, Junior (né le 12 juillet 1913 à …   Wikipédia en Français

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