Goldwater, Barry Morris

▪ 1999

      American politician (b. Jan. 1, 1909, Phoenix, Ariz.—d. May 29, 1998, Phoenix), was considered the founder and icon of the modern conservative movement in the U.S. He served (1953-64 and 1969-87) as a U.S. senator and in 1964 was the Republican Party's presidential candidate. He lost to Lyndon Johnson in a landslide, however, after his statement that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" caused him to be portrayed as a dangerous warmonger; one Democratic television commercial began with a small girl counting daisy petals as she plucked them, and ended with a missile-launch countdown and a mushroom cloud. Goldwater dropped out (1929) of the University of Arizona after his freshman year, went to work for Goldwater's, Inc., the family department store chain, and in 1937 became the company's president. There he instituted a number of progressive policies, such as health and life insurance plans and profit sharing. During World War II he served in the Army Air Force, and after the war he organized the Arizona Air National Guard, serving as chief of staff until 1952. By the time he retired from the reserves, he had attained the rank of major general. Goldwater entered politics in 1949 with a successful run for the Phoenix City Council. In an upset, he won (1952) the U.S. Senate seat of Majority Leader Ernest MacFarland. In 1954 Goldwater was one of only 22 senators who voted against the censure of Sen. Joseph McCarthy in the aftermath of the Army-McCarthy hearings, an action that was popular in Arizona and helped him gain reelection in 1958. His book, The Conscience of a Conservative (1960), reflected his philosophy—that the government should not interfere with individuals' lives and that communism should be vanquished. After his defeat in the 1964 presidential race, Goldwater returned to Arizona, but he won his Senate seat back in 1968. In later years his support of abortion rights and the service of homosexuals in the armed forces upset many conservatives, but he steadfastly maintained his belief in the right of individuals to be free from government interference.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goldwater,Barry Morris — Gold·wa·ter (gōldʹwô tər, wŏt ər), Barry Morris. 1909 1998. American politician. A conservative Republican, he served as U.S. senator from Arizona (1953 1965 and 1969 1987) and ran unsuccesfully for President in 1964. * * * …   Universalium

  • Barry Morris Goldwater — Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater Sénateur de l Arizona Candidat républicain à la présidence des États Unis d Amérique (1964) Période de mandat : 1953 1965 et 1969 1987 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barry Morris Goldwater — Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (* 1. Januar 1909 in Phoenix, Arizona; † 29. Mai 1998 in Paradise Valley, Arizona) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Mitbegründer der modernen konservativen Bewegung in den USA. Er war über fünf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Goldwater, Barry — ▪ United States senator in full  Barry Morris Goldwater   born Jan. 1, 1909, Phoenix, Ariz., U.S. died May 29, 1998, Paradise Valley, Ariz.  U.S. senator from Arizona (1953–64, 1969–87) and Republican (Republican Party) presidential candidate in… …   Universalium

  • Barry Goldwater — Goldwater redirects here. For other uses, see Goldwater (disambiguation). This article is about the late United States Senator and Presidential nominee. For his son, see Barry Goldwater, Jr. Barry Goldwater United States Senator from Arizona …   Wikipedia

  • Barry Goldwater — Barry Morris Goldwater (* 2. Januar 1909 in Phoenix, New Mexico Territorium; † 29. Mai 1998 in Paradise Valley) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Mitbegründer der modernen konservativen Bewegung in den USA. Er war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barry M. Goldwater — Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (* 1. Januar 1909 in Phoenix, Arizona; † 29. Mai 1998 in Paradise Valley, Arizona) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Mitbegründer der modernen konservativen Bewegung in den USA. Er war über fünf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barry Goldwater — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Goldwater. Barry Morris Goldwater Sénateur de l Arizona Candidat républicain à la présidence des États Unis (1964) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morris — /mawr is, mor /, n. 1. Gouverneur /guv euhr near /, 1752 1816, U.S. statesman. 2. Robert, 1734 1806, U.S. financier and statesman, born in England. 3. William, 1834 96, English painter, furniture designer, poet, and socialist writer. 4. Wright,… …   Universalium

  • Barry — /bar ee/, n. 1. Sir Charles, 1795 1860, English architect. 2. John, 1745 1803, American naval commander in the Revolution. 3. Leonora Marie Kearney ( Mother Lake ), 1849 1930, U.S. labor leader and social activist, born in Ireland. 4. Philip,… …   Universalium

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