Freund, Gisele

▪ 2001

      German-born French photographer (b. Dec. 19, 1908?, Berlin, Ger.—d. March 31, 2000, Paris, France), was noted especially for her portraits of the cultural elite of France and for her service as François Mitterrand's official photographer following his election (1981) as president of France. Unlike the prevailing photographers of the time, she worked in colour, saying it was “closer to life.” As a student in Frankfurt, Ger., Freund was engaged in the struggle against the rise of Nazism and in 1933 was forced to flee Germany to avoid arrest. She settled in Paris and studied at the Sorbonne for a doctorate, which was awarded in 1936. She had already become established as a photojournalist and was freelancing for leading news magazines, and Paris bookseller Adrienne Monnier published her dissertation as a book, La Photographie en France au 19e siècle (1936). Monnier became Freund's friend, mentor, and companion and introduced her to Parisian intellectuals, including the subject of one of her most famous photographs, André Malraux. The Nazi invasion of France forced Freund to again flee, and she went to Argentina. Following the end of World War II, she worked in Mexico before returning (1952) to Paris. Robert Capa invited Freund to join the cooperative agency Magnum Photos but later (1954) dismissed her because her inclusion on the blacklist of the communist-hunting Sen. Joseph McCarthy made Capa fearful for the agency's future in the U.S. Freund's career continued until the mid-1980s, when she gave up photography in favour of another interest—reading. Among the numerous books Freund produced were James Joyce in Paris: His Final Years (1965), Le Monde et ma camera (1970; The World in My Camera, 1974), and Photographie et société (1974), and she garnered such awards as the Grand Prix National des Arts. Freund was made an Officer of Arts and Letters in 1982 and chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1983.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • FREUND, GISÈLE — (1908–2000), German photographer and reporter. Freund was born in Berlin and became acquainted with photography at an early age when her father presented her with a Leica after she finished school. She studied sociology   in Freiburg and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Freund, Gisèle — (19.12.1908 31.3.2000) Französische Fotografin deutscher Herkunft, sie emigrierte bereits 1933 aus Deutschland nach Paris und promovierte dort mit einer Arbeit über die Ursprünge der Fotografie. Ab 1935 arbeitete sie als Fotografin für diverse… …   Das Lexikon aus „Bernie's Foto-Programm"

  • Gisele Freund — Gisèle Freund (gebürtig Gisela Freund; * 19. Dezember 1908 in Schöneberg (Berlin); † 31. März 2000 in Paris) war eine deutsch französische Fotografin und Fotohistorikerin. Vor ihrem Tod wurde sie französische Staatsbürgerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gisele Freund — Gisèle Freund Gisèle Freund, née Gisela Freund à Schöneberg, près de Berlin, le 19 décembre 1908 et morte à Paris le 30 mars 2000, est une photographe française d origine allemande. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Prix et récompenses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gisèle — Gisele oder Gisèle ist ein weiblicher Vorname, der Spross edler Abkunft bedeutet. Bekannte Namensträgerinnen sind: Gisele Bündchen (* 1980), brasilianisches Model Gisèle Casadesus (* 1914), französische Schauspielerin Gisèle Freund (1908 2000),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Freund — (German for friend ) is a surname and may refer to:* Ernst Freund * Gisèle Freund (1912 2000), photographer * Jules T. Freund * Karl Freund * Kurt Freund * Michael Freund * Steffen Freund, German soccer player * Tom Freund * Wilhelm Freund (1806… …   Wikipedia

  • Gisèle Freund — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Freund. Gisèle Freund, née Gisela Freund à Schöneberg, près de Berlin, le 19 décembre 1908 et morte à Paris le 30 mars 2000, est une photographe française d origine allemande. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gisèle Freund — (gebürtig Gisela Freund; * 19. Dezember 1908 in Schöneberg (Berlin); † 31. März 2000 in Paris) war eine deutsch französische Fotografin und Fotohistorikerin. Vor ihrem Tod wurde sie französische Staatsbürgerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gisèle Freund — Nacimiento 19 de diciembre de 1908  Alemania, Berlín Fallecimiento 30 de marzo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gisèle Freund — (November 19, 1908 or 1912 March 31, 2000) was a German born French photographer, famous for her documentary photographs and portraits of writers and artists. Her best known book is Photographie et société (1974), about the uses and abuses of the …   Wikipedia

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