Dacko, David

▪ 2004

      Central African Republic politician (b. March 24, 1930, Bouchia, Moyen Congo, French Equatorial Africa—d. Nov. 20, 2003, Yaoundé, Cameroon), was twice president (1960–65 and 1979–81) of the Central African Republic and twice was removed from office by a military coup. After then president Barthélemy Boganda died in a plane crash in March 1959, Dacko established himself in the top post, and from 1960 he headed an autocratic one-party state in the newly independent CAR. An ongoing economic crisis, however, led to his deposition by Col. Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who eventually declared himself emperor. In September 1979 France intervened and restored Dacko to power, but his second administration was no more successful than his first, and in 1981 Gen. André Kolingba overthrew him in a bloodless coup.

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▪ president of Central African Republic
born March 24, 1930, Bouchia, Moyen-Congo, French Equatorial Africa [now in Central African Republic]
died Nov. 20, 2003, Yaoundé, Cameroon

      president of the Central African Republic from 1960 to 1965 and from 1979 to 1981.

      Dacko, a former teacher, held ministerial posts under Barthélemy Boganda (Boganda, Barthélemy), the prime minister of the autonomous Central African Republic. Claiming a family relationship, Dacko succeeded to the prime ministership in 1959 after Boganda's death. In 1960 the republic gained its full independence, and Dacko became the country's first president. He ruled the Central African Republic as a one-party state and in 1962 easily won the presidential elections. Dacko was unable to improve the country's failing economy, however, and, with the Central African Republic facing bankruptcy, he was overthrown by Jean-Bédel Bokassa (Bokassa, Jean-Bédel) on the night of Dec. 31, 1965/Jan. 1, 1966.

      On Sept. 21, 1979, after 13 years of brutal rule (which included Bokassa's proclamation of a “Central African Empire”), Dacko, aided by French troops, in turn overthrew Bokassa, announcing that the country would revert to a republic with Dacko as president. His presidency was again plagued by numerous problems. Soon after taking office, Dacko survived an assassination attempt, and, following his reelection in 1981, there were riots in Bangui. He was removed from office in September 1981, when General André Kolingba seized power. Dacko unsuccessfully ran for president in 1992 and 1999.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dacko — /dak oh, dah koh/, n. David, born 1930, African statesman: president of the Central African Republic (now Central African Empire) 1960 66. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dacko — /dak oh, dah koh/, n. David, born 1930, African statesman: president of the Central African Republic (now Central African Empire) 1960 66 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Central African Republic — a republic in central Africa: a member of the French Community. 3,342,051; 238,000 sq. mi. (616,420 sq. km). Cap.: Bangui. Formerly, Central African Empire, Ubangi Shari. * * * Central African Republic Introduction Central African Republic… …   Universalium

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