Craxi, Bettino Benedetto

▪ 2001

      Italian politician (b. Feb. 24, 1934, Milan, Italy—d. Jan. 19, 2000, Hammamet, Tun.), was Italy's first Socialist prime minister; elected to successive terms (1983–87), he was also the country's longest-serving prime minister of the post-World War II years. He joined the Socialist Youth Movement in his late teens and became a member of the Italian Socialist Party's central committee in 1957. He was elected to a seat in the national Chamber of Deputies in 1968 and became a deputy secretary of the Socialist Party in 1970. After the Socialists performed badly in the 1976 general elections, Craxi became the party's general secretary. He proceeded to unite the faction-ridden party, committed it to moderate social and economic policies, and tried to dissociate it from the much larger Communist Party. Under his leadership the Socialists were members in five of Italy's six coalition governments from 1980 to 1983. His decision to pull out of the Christian Democrat-led coalition in April 1983 provoked general elections in June that resulted in his being invited to form a government. He formed a coalition government with the Christian Democrats and several small, moderate parties. As prime minister he pursued anti-inflationary fiscal policies and steered a pro-American course in foreign affairs. He formed a new coalition government in 1986 but resigned in early 1987. In February 1993 multiple charges of political corruption forced Craxi, who denied the allegations, to resign his post as party leader. He left Italy for Tunisia later that year. The government continued to investigate charges against him, and in 1994 he was twice sentenced in absentia to prison terms resulting from some of these charges.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Craxi, Bettino — orig. Benedetto Craxi born Feb. 24, 1934, Milan, Italy died Jan. 19, 2000, Al Hammamet, Tun. Italian politician, Italy s first socialist prime minister (1983–87). Involved initially with the socialist youth movement, he won election to the… …   Universalium

  • Craxi, Bettino — ► (1934 2000) Político italiano. Designado primer ministro en 1983, dimitió en 1986. En 1993 abandonó la dirección del partido socialista. Acumuló en su contra cinco condenas por percepción de comisiones ilegales. * * * orig. Benedetto Craxi (24… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bettino Craxi — ( Aussprache?/ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bettino Craxi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Craxi. Bettino Craxi Bettino Craxi en 1978 Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benedetto Craxi — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Craxi — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benedetto Craxi — Bettino Craxi Élu le: Premier prédécesseur: Amintore Fanfani Premier successeur: Amintore Fanfani Date de naissance: 24 février 1934 Lieu de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Craxi — (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkraksi]) may refer to: Benedetto Bettino Craxi (1934–2000), an Italian politician Stefania (Gabriella Anastasia) Craxi (born 1960, Milan), an Italian politician, daughter of Bettino (Vittorio) Bobo Craxi (born 1964 …   Wikipedia

  • Bettino Ricasoli — Mandats 2e et 7e président du Conseil des ministres italie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bettino Craxi — Infobox Prime Minister name = Bettino Craxi order = 66th Prime Minister of Italy president = Alessandro Pertini Francesco Cossiga deputy = Arnaldo Forlani term start = 4 August 1983 term end = 17 April 1987 predecessor = Amintore Fanfani… …   Wikipedia

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