▪ 1995U.S. educator, author, and critic (b. Oct. 16, 1906, Murray, Ky.—d. May 10, 1994, New Haven, Conn.), helped to establish New Criticism, a theory of literary analysis that dominated the teaching of literature at U.S. universities for two decades after World War II. Brooks downplayed consideration of biographical and historical influences and championed a "close reading" of literary texts, emphasizing careful structural analysis. He earned a B.A. (1928) from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., before coming under the influence of the Fugitives, a literary group that included John Crowe Ransom and Robert Penn Warren. After further study at Tulane University, New Orleans, La. (M.A., 1929), he became a Rhodes scholar at the University of Oxford. Brooks then taught at Louisiana State University (1932-47), where he edited the influential Southern Review with Warren, his longtime colleague and with whom he coauthored Understanding Poetry (1938). That book and Brooks's Modern Poetry and the Tradition (1939) and The Well Wrought Urn (1947) were cornerstones of New Criticism. Ransom called Brooks "the most expert living 'reader' or interpreter of difficult verse." He also wrote several insightful studies of the cultural milieu of William Faulkner, chief among them William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha Country (1963). Brooks taught at Yale University (1947-75), was much in demand as a visiting professor, and served as the cultural attaché at the U.S. embassy in London (1964-66). In 1985 he was named Jefferson lecturer. His last books were On the Prejudices, Predilections, and Firm Beliefs of William Faulkner (1987) and Historical Evidence and the Reading of Seventeenth-Century Poetry (1991).
* * *▪ American critic and educatorborn , Oct. 16, 1906, Murray, Ky., U.S.died May 10, 1994, New Haven, Conn.American teacher and critic whose work was important in establishing the New Criticism, which stressed close reading and structural analysis of literature.Educated at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., and at Tulane University, New Orleans, Brooks was a Rhodes scholar (Exeter College, Oxford) before he began teaching at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, in 1932. From 1935 to 1942, with Charles W. Pipkin and poet and critic Robert Penn Warren (Warren, Robert Penn), he edited The Southern Review, a journal that advanced the New Criticism and published the works of a new generation of Southern writers. Brooks's critical works include Modern Poetry and the Tradition (1939) and The Well Wrought Urn (1947). Authoritative college texts by Brooks, with others, reinforced the popularity of the New Criticism: Understanding Poetry (1938) and Understanding Fiction (1943), written with Warren, and Understanding Drama (1945), with Robert Heilman.Brooks taught at Yale University from 1947 to 1975 and was also a Library of Congress fellow (1951–62) and cultural attaché at the U.S. embassy in London (1964–66). Brooks's later works included Literary Criticism: A Short History (1957; cowritten with William K. Wimsatt); A Shaping Joy: Studies in the Writer's Craft (1972); The Language of the American South (1985); Historical Evidence and the Reading of Seventeenth Century Poetry (1991); and several books on William Faulkner, including William Faulkner: The Yoknapatawpha Country (1963), William Faulkner: Toward Yoknapatawpha and Beyond (1978), William Faulkner: First Encounters (1983), and Firm Beliefs of William Faulkner (1987).
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Cleanth Brooks — (October 16, 1906 May 10, 1994) was an influential American literary critic and professor. He is best known for his contributions to New Criticism in the mid twentieth century and for revolutionizing the teaching of poetry in American higher… … Wikipedia
Brooks (surname) — Brooks is a surname that was thought by the early twentieth century to have been derived from the condition of residing near a stream (or brook).cite book | title = Origin and History of the Name of Brooks: With Biographies of All the Most Noted… … Wikipedia
Brooks (Familienname) — Brooks ist ein Familienname. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
Brooks — [brʊks], 1) Cleanth, amerikanischer Literaturwissenschaftler und kritiker, * Murray (Ky.) 16. 10. 1906, ✝ New Haven (Conneticut) 10. 5. 1994; 1932 47 Professor für englische Literatur an der Louisiana State University, 1947 84 an der Yale… … Universal-Lexikon
Brooks — noun United States literary critic and historian (1886 1963) • Syn: ↑Van Wyck Brooks • Instance Hypernyms: ↑literary critic * * * plural of brook present third singular of brook * * * /brooks/, n … Useful english dictionary
Warren-Brooks Award — The Warren Brooks Award for literary criticism was established to honor the innovative, critical interpretation of literature offered by Robert Penn Warren and Cleanth Brooks to celebrate the continuation of such achievement. It is awarded for… … Wikipedia
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New Criticism — was a movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century. It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self contained, self … Wikipedia