Bloch, Konrad Emil


Bloch, Konrad Emil
▪ 2001

      German-born American biochemist (b. Jan. 21, 1912, Neisse, Ger. [now Nysa, Pol.]—d. Oct. 15, 2000, Burlington, Mass.), conducted research to determine how the body creates cholesterol, work that earned him a share, together with Feodor Lynen, of the 1964 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Bloch's studies helped to reveal that cholesterol, a substance that occurs naturally in cells, results from the biosynthesis of acetic acid. The discovery led to a heightened awareness of cholesterol's role in some circulatory diseases and to the development of drugs that lowered cholesterol in the blood. Bloch earned a degree (1934) in chemical engineering from the Technische Hochschule, Munich, Ger. Nazi oppression kept Bloch, a Jew, from continuing his studies, so he first went to Switzerland and, in 1936, to the U.S., where he earned a doctorate in biochemistry at Columbia University, New York City. His cholesterol studies began at Columbia, and in 1942, along with David Rittenberg, he noted that a series of 30 or more chemical reactions took place in transforming acetic acid into cholesterol. He moved to the University of Chicago, where he served as a professor (1946–54) before being named the Higgins Professor of Biochemistry at Harvard University; he held the post until his retirement in 1982. Bloch also served as a professor in the School of Public Health at Harvard (1979–84) and was chairman of the biochemistry department (1968–72). He was also the author of Blondes in Venetian Paintings, the Nine-Banded Armadillo, and Other Essays in Biochemistry (1994). Bloch was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1988.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Konrad Emil Bloch — Konrad Bloch Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bloch. Konrad Emil Bloch (21 janvier 1912 à Neisse en Allemagne, aujourd hui Nysa en Pologne 15 octobre 2000) était un biochimiste allemand. Biographie Il étudia la chimie à la Technische Hochschule… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Bloch, Konrad E. — ▪ American biochemist in full  Konrad Emil Bloch  born January 21, 1912, Neisse, Germany [now Nysa, Poland] died October 15, 2000, Burlington, Massachusetts, U.S.       German born American biochemist who shared the 1964 Nobel Prize for… …   Universalium

  • Konrad Bloch — Bloch , Konrad Emil …   Scientists

  • Konrad E. Bloch — Konrad Bloch Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bloch. Konrad Emil Bloch (21 janvier 1912 à Neisse en Allemagne, aujourd hui Nysa en Pologne 15 octobre 2000) était un biochimiste allemand. Biographie Il étudia la chimie à la Technische Hochschule… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Konrad Bloch — Placa de Konrad Bloch. Konrad Emil Bloch (21 de enero de 1912 15 de octubre de 2000), científico. Nació en Neisse, Alemania, que actualmente es la ciudad de Nysa (Polonia). Estudia Química en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Múnich, especiali …   Wikipedia Español


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