Autant-Lara, Claude

▪ 2001
Claude Autant 
      French motion picture director (b. Aug. 5, 1903, Luzarches, France—d. Feb. 5, 2000, Antibes, France), was one of the world's leading directors in the post-World War II era, winning international acclaim with his classic film Le Diable au corps (1947). Educated in London and Paris, he first found work in the movie industry as a set decorator for Marcel L'Herbier's Le Carnaval des vérités (1919). Autant-Lara's first short film, Faits divers (1923), was made while he was an assistant director to René Clair. Later he worked in Hollywood directing French versions of American movies. It was not until 1933, however, that he directed his first feature, Ciboulette. Two films that Autant-Lara completed in 1942—Le Mariage de chiffon and Lettres d'amour—prefigured his work in Le Diable au corps. Adapted from a novel by Raymond Radiguet, Le Diable au corps was the story of an adolescent boy's affair with a married woman whose husband was away at war. Both its subject matter and its antiwar, antiestablishment sentiments made it Autant-Lara's most popular—and most controversial—film. In the 1950s Autant-Lara's preference for literary adaptations and his emphasis on psychological realism, tight scripting, and carefully delivered dialogue fell out of fashion. He nonetheless continued to make motion pictures, directing his last film, Gloria, in 1977. In the late 1980s he again stirred controversy, this time in the world of politics. He became a member of the far-right National Front and was elected to the European Parliament in 1989. That same year, after a magazine quoted several of his anti-Semitic remarks, he resigned his seat.

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▪ French director
born August 5, 1903, Luzarches, France
died February 5, 2000, Antibes

      French motion-picture director who won an international reputation with his film Le Diable au corps (1947; Devil in the Flesh).

      Autant-Lara's mother, an ardent pacifist, lived with her son in England during World War I. After several years of schooling in London he returned to France to study art. At 16 years of age he painted the sets for Marcel L'Herbier's film Le Carnaval des vérités (1919; “Carnival of Truths”) and assisted Jean Renoir (Renoir, Jean) and other directors as a set decorator and costume designer.

      Autant-Lara's first short film, Faits divers (1923; “Diverse Facts”), was made while he was an assistant director to René Clair (Clair, René). After directing two other brief films, he accepted a job in Hollywood directing French versions of American films. It was not until 1933, however, that he directed his first feature film, Ciboulette. Two films that Autant-Lara completed in 1942—Le Mariage de Chiffon and Lettres d'amour—prefigured his work in Le Diable au corps and strengthened his standing as one of the major exponents of the French cinema's “tradition of quality.” Adapted from a novel by Raymond Radiguet (Radiguet, Raymond), Le Diable au corps is the story of an adolescent boy's affair with a married woman whose husband is a soldier. Both its subject matter and its antiwar, antiestablishment sentiments made it Autant-Lara's most popular film.

      With the advent of the French New Wave in the 1950s, Autant-Lara's preference for literary adaptations and his emphasis on psychological realism, tight scripting, and carefully delivered dialogue fell out of fashion. He nonetheless continued to make motion pictures, directing his last film, Gloria, in 1977. In the late 1980s he again stirred controversy, this time in the world of politics. He became a member of the far-right National Front and was elected to the European Parliament in 1989. That same year, after a magazine quoted several of his anti-Semitic remarks, he resigned his seat.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Autant-Lara, Claude — (1901 2000)    Director. Born in 1901, the son of Edouard Autant, an architect, and Louise Lara, an actress, Claude Autant Lara left France with his mother and spent his early childhood abroad in Great Britain. Autant Lara returned to France at… …   Guide to cinema

  • Autant-Lara, Claude — (1901 2000)    Director. Born in 1901, the son of Edouard Autant, an architect, and Louise Lara, an actress, Claude Autant Lara left France with his mother and spent his early childhood abroad in Great Britain. Autant Lara returned to France at… …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Autant-Lara, Claude — • ОТА Н ЛАРА (Autant Lara) Клод (р. 5.8.1903)    франц. режиссёр. В кино с 1919 как художник. Работал с М. Л Эрбье, Ж. Ренуаром, Р. Клером (с последним также как ассистент). Пост, в духе Авангарда эксперим. ф. Происшествия (1923) и Разложить… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Autant-Lara, Claude — (August 5, 1901, Luzarches, Val d Oise, France February 5, 2000, Antibes, Alpes Maritîmes, France)    The son of architect Edouard Autant and of the lead­ing actress from the Comédie Française, Louise Lara, he followed his mother in her self… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Claude Autant Lara — Nom de naissance Claude Autant Naissance 5 août 1901 Luzarches, France Nationalité(s)  Française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Autant-Lara — (5 August 1901, Luzarches, Val d’Oise – 5 February 2000, Antibes, Alpes Maritimes), was a French film director and later Member of the European Parliament (MEP). Contents 1 Biography 2 Filmography (director) 3 References …   Wikipedia

  • Autant-Lara — (Claude) (né en 1901) cinéaste français: Douce (1943); le Diable au corps (1946), le Rouge et le Noir (1954), la Traversée de Paris (1956) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Claude Autant-Lara — Données clés Nom de naissance Claude Autant Naissance 5 août 1901 Luzarches, France Nationalité  Française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Autant-Lara — (Luzarches, Val d Oise, 5 de agosto de 1901 – Antibes, Alpes Maritimes, 5 de febrero de 2000), fue un director de cine francés y más tarde diputado al Parlamento Europeo. Hijo de un arquitecto, Édouard Autant, y Louise Lara, actriz de la Comédie… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claude Autant-Lara — (* 6. August 1901 in Luzarches, Val d Oise; † 5. Februar 2000 in Antibes, Provence) war ein französischer Filmregisseur und Kostümbildner. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Künstlerische Karriere 2 Politik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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